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VIEW OF CHURCH FROM VILLAGE. 



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nfteinorials of HDcrne, IF^ent. 



BY 



THE REV. J. R. BUCHANAN,! Vicar 



THIRD EDITION. 




{Set page 17.) 



LONDON : 

ELLIOT STOCK, 63, PATERNOSTER ROW, E.C 
CANTERBURY: N, GINDER, ST. GEORGE'S HALL. 

1887. 



LONDON : 

PRINTED BY W. H. & L, COLLINGK IDGE, 

CITY PRESS, 148 & 149, AI.PERSr.ATE STREET, E.G. 






TO THE 



^on. Sames Eussell %o^tll, iLlL.©., 

(late united states minister at the court of ST. JAMES), 



WHOSE LOVE FOR 



THE ANCIENT AND BEAUTIFUL 



IS WELL KNOWN AND APPRECIATED IN 



THE MOTHER COUNTRY, 



THIS LITTLE BOOK 



IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED. 



Deerfoot Farm, 

southborough, 
Massachusetts, 

Jan. 12///, 1887. 



Reverend and Dear Sir, 

I accept with pleasure the dedication of your work, 
the Memorials of Herne, Kent, and feel highly honoured 
by it. 

I certainly do take great interest in your ancient buildings, 
not only for their own intrinsic worth, but also because they 
are a permanent link between our two countries. • 

Your Churchyards are the richer for dust that belongs to 
us as well as you. 

Faithfully yours, 

J. R. LOWELL. 

The Rev. J. R. Buchanan. 



PREFACE. 



-slWN offering the Memorials of Herne to the public I do 
^ not pretend to have very much knowledge of archaeology, 
including as that vast subject does in its legitimate sphere, pakiio- 
graphy, heraldry, and architecture. I have simply endeavoured 
to collect from various sources, a brief but comprehensive history 
of the parish, and to furnish the visitor with a guide to the Church 
which will indicate and explain its chief points of interest. I also 
earnestly hope (Herne Church being so well and widely known), by 
calling attention to the deplorable condition of the North Aisle — 
the only part now in need of repair — to obtain some assistance 
towards a new roof. 

I am indebted to Hasted's account of Herne, in his " History 
of Kent,'' Buncombe's " History of Herne and Reculver " (pub- 
lished in Nichol's Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica), and a 
miscellaneous collection by the late Charles Devon (Public 
Record Office), kindly lent me by Mr. Edward White, of Herne 
Bay, for much valuable information. 

My thanks are due, and are here gratefully tendered, to the 
following gentlemen for advice and assistance : W. de Gray Birch, 
F.S.A., and G. K. Fortescue (British Museum), James Gairdner 
(Public Record Office), J. Challoner Smith (Somerset House), 
S. W. Kershaw, F.S.A. (Lambeth Palace Library), and Charles 
Welch (Guildhall Library). I am sure if the clergy knew the 
willingness of the learned in high places to help amateur authors, 
who have a good object in view, there would be many more and 
better parochial histories written. 

Mr, Kershaw has for some years been collecting information of 



ii . PREFACE. 

every kind relating to Kent, and as there is no fund for that 
purpose, he is glad to receive any gratuitous additions to his store. 

I also beg to thank Dr. Sheppard of Canterbury, for pointing 
out some very interesting particulars, and translating some, to me, 
difficult ancient manuscripts ; Francis Butler, architect, for the 
beautiful plates which embellish the work ; and Henry Grey, 
churchwarden, for assistance in translating the inscriptions on the 
Brasses, and careful revision for the press. 

And lastly, I beg most sincerely to thank the Lord Mayor, Sir 
Reginald Hanson, Bart., F.S.A., Alderman Sir John Staples, 
F.S. A., Deputy East, James Judd, and Major G. Lambert, F.S. A., 
for their kind and generous acknowledgment of the distinct claim 
which Heme Church undoubtedly has upon the citizens of 
London. 




CONTENTS. 



PAGE 



CHAPTER I. 

Reculver I 

Its antiquity and destruction. 



CHAPTER H. 



Parish ok Herne 
Places of note. 



CHAPTER HI. 

Church of Herne 17 

Tower— Porch — Baptistery — Font — North Aisle— Nave— South 
Aisle — South Chantry Chapel^Chancel — East Window — 
Monument of Sir W. Thornhurst — North Chantry Chapel — 
Brasses — Account of St. Martin. 

CHAPTER IV. 
Vicars ok Herne and Chantry PivIests 46 

CHAPTER V. 
Parish Registers 52 

Extracts from Churchwardens' Accounts. 

CHAPTER VI. 
Tithes and Fees 57 

CHAPTER VII. 

Old Wills 60 

Robert Somersal — John Vounge — Thomas Bysmer — William 
Philip— Sir Matthew Philip — Sir John Fyneux — Rev. John 
Warren — Lady Elizabeth Fyneux — Edward Monyngs — Wil- 
liam Fyneux — Thomas Terrye — John Church — Richard 
Terry — Sir William Sedley — Cieor^e Hawlet or Howlet — 
Christopher Milles — Thomas Knowler. 



Index 68 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

View of Church from Village... ... ... ... ... Frontispiect 

Reculver Church Towers ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 2 

Reculver Church, 1751, and Ground Plan ... ... ... ... 6 

View of the Village of Heme ... ... ... ... ... ... 8 

Parish Church of Heme ... .. ... ... ... ... 16 

Tower, and Ground Plan ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Baptistery ... .. ... ... ... ... ... 19 

North Chantry Chapel ... ... ... ... ... ... 20 

,, ,, showing proposed alteration ... ... 21 

Ground Plan ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 22 

Old Screen ... ... ... ... ... .. ... 25 

Picturesque Arch ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 26 

Mural Monument of Robert Knowler ... ... ... 28 

Chancel ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... 30 

Monument of Sir William Thomhurst ... ... ... 31 

North Chantry Chapel, showing Hagioscope, Aumbry, 

Screen, &c — ... ... ... ... ... ... 34 

Brasses — i. Sir Peter Halle and Wife ... ... ... ... 36 

2. John Darley ... ... ... ... ... 38 

3. Christina Philip ... ... ... ... ... 39 

4. Elizabeth, Lady Fyneux ... ... ... 41 

5. John Sea and his Wives ... ... ... ... 42 




MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 



CHAPTER I. 



32leculbfr, 



^^^'EEPLY interesting as the Church at Heme undoubtedly is, 
C^i- it must be acknowledged at the outset that it yields place 
in most things to the Mother Church of Reculver, to which it has 
ever been, and is now, tributary. The two Churches are so 
intimately connected that, without some preliminary account or 
Reculver, the history of Heme would be incomplete and even 
unintelligible. 

Reculver is famous, not only for its Early Christian Church, 
but also for its ancient Roman Camp, said to have been erected in 
the third century by the Emperor Septimius Severus.^' 

Among the time-worn ruins of the ancient castle is a fig-tree 
i^fiais carica) of Italian origin, which according to the traditions 
of the neighbourhood, was planted by the Romans, and must 
therefore be between 1385 and 1888 years old.f 

In Leland's time (1530 — 7), the village of Reculver stood 
" withyn a quarter of a myle or a little more of the se syde.":|: 

It is called by the Venerable Bede " Raculfcestre, and Raculi- 
menstre."§ 

* Roach Smith's Antiquities of Reculver. p. 193. 

t Albion, 1833. X Itin. 3rd Ed. p. I. 0. 

v^ Bede Eccles. Hist., i, 5, 9. 



2 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

While the earliest record of Heme Church dates only from 
A.D. 1236, that of Reculver, dedicated to St. Mary, goes as far 
back as A.D. 669, when Egbert, King of Kent, "gave to one 
Basse, formerly one of his noblemen, now a priest, some land, 
" whereupon to build a monastery dedicated to the Blessed Virgin 
" Mary."* 

" Berhtwald," eighth Archbishop of Canterbury (A.D. 693), 
"was abbot of Reculver." 



\^}^-^ " 










y^ 



RECULVER CHURCH TOWERS, 



^^^ 
^^<-.^^ 



In A.D. 949 the Church of Reculver was annexed to Christ 
Church, Canterbury, by grant of King Edred.f 

This grant is of considerable local importance, for appended to 
it is an enumeration of lands in the immediate neighbourhood 
and their boundaries, which in many instances have been identi- 
fied. It is also of historical interest, being prepared by the 

* Tanner's Notitia, Kent, Ixviii. 
t Brit. Museum, MS. (Cotton, Aug. 11, Art. 57.) 



RECULVER. 3 

celebrated Dunstan, Abbot of Glastonbury, afterwards Archbishop 
of Canterbury, who subscribes himself '' Indignus Abbas." Although 
now in the Hundred of Blengate, Reculver, at the time of the 
Conquest, was a Hundred by itself, and in a flourishing condition.* 

Reculver was of old the Mother Church of Hoath, Heme, and 
(in Thanet) St. Nicholas, and All Saints. Upon these three last, 
*' in signum subjectionis " {i.e., in token of subjection), an annual 
pension was imposed. t By the same decree it was enacted " that 
" the vicars of these parishes, together with their clergy and 
" parishioners, should attend the customary processions, and 
" office of the Mass, at Whitsuntide and Christmas, and that 
" they should pay to the Vicar of Reculver, ' Obsequium con- 
" veniens cum reverentia et honore ' (suitable deference, with. 
" reverence and honour)." 

The Rev. Francis Green, a former vicar of Reculver, in a 
letter without date, but between 1695 and 17 15, thus writes: — 
" It is certain the Church of Reculver is one of the most ancient 
" in Kent, and (if any credit is to be given to an inscription 
" in the south-east part of the church) King Ethelbert was 
" buried there. The Church of Reculver is lofty and well 
" built ; it has two steeples in front, one of which contains 
" four bells. It has two stately pillars to support its entrance, 
" and a curious ascent to the Altar, :[ so that it is exceeded 
"by few in Kent." Further on he writes, "My church, by 
"the ill neighbourhood of the sea, and being too indulgent a 
" mother in giving large portions to her two daughters. Heme 
" and St. Nicholas, is now the poorest of the three. "§ 

But although Reculver was without doubt (as Mr. Green states) 
"an indulgent mother," it is humiliating for the Vicar of Heme 
to have to confess that his Parish was a very ungrateful and 
refractory daughter. Trifling and inadequate as were the imposts 
levied, both parson and people continually tried to evade them. 

In 1334 there was a dispute about the burial of the Archbishop's 
tenants "in capite," in which the decision was in favour of 
Reculver. II Twice, in 1335, the parishioners of Heme wer-e 

* Domesday, i, 3, 6. 

t Reg. Winchelsey, f. 30. The Vicar of Heme still pays the pension 
imposed, "quadraginta solidos " (40s.), the churchwardens 5s. 
+ For full description, see Leland's Itin. vii., 137. 
§ Notitia Parochialis, No. 1,616, Lambeth Lib. 
II Reg. Stratford (Lambeth) Feb. 1334. 

B 2 



4 MEMORIALS OF BERNE, KENT. 

threatened with excommunication because they refused to bear 
their proportion of the repairs of the Mother Church,* and in 1637 
Archbishop Laud was directed to proceed with all expedition " in 
*' a cause pending between the inhabitants of Reculvcr and Heme, 
"touching the repair of the Church and Steeple of Reculver." f 

In the year 1 809, under the pretext of the impossibility of 
resisting the encroachments of the sea, this Church was shame- 
fully destroyed by those who were its appointed guardians, and a 
miserable building erected in its place at Hillborough, so badly 
constructed that it only lasted 65 years. 

Mr. C. Roach Smith thus eloquently writes concerning its 
destruction : 

" This Church had special claims for preservation. 

" The Roman architecture gave it a distinctive feature of remote 
" antiquity, of which it would be difficult to find another example 
" in this country. It stood as a monument of the downfall of 
" Paganism and the triumph of Christianity ; upwards of a 
"thousand years our forefathers had preserved, endowed, and 
" repaired it ; generation after generation had called it theirs, and 
" within its walls had ratified the obligations of social life ; they 
" had died, and were buried about it. Tradition hallowed it as 
"the burial-place of Ethelbert, who received and protected 
" Augustine. Monuments of rich and influential families, whose 
" near relatives lay there interred, stood within and around its 
" walls. 

" The Church, at the commencement of the present century, 
" though it had been neglected and was dilapidated, might have 
" been easily repaired, but the gentry and clergy abandoned it to 
" jobbers and speculators, who seized upon the venerable pile, 
" tore it to pieces, and divided the spoil ; and old people, who 
" remember the circumstances, tell how the bells fell to the share 
** of one, the lead to another, recount the prices at which the 
"materials were sold, and relate how, ere long, the curse of 
" Heaven fell on all the destroyers of the Church ; that nothing 
" prospered with them, and that, at last, they and their families 
" came to misery and ruin." % 

Those who are inclined to go into the repulsive details of this 
shameful destruction should consult the " Gentleman's Magazine " 

* Reg. Stratford (Lambeth) March, 1335. 
t Reg. Laud, p. i., fol. 286 a. b. t Antiq. of Reculver, p. 200. 



RE CULVER. 5 

for the years 1808 — 18 10 ; one contributor to which writes, " Time 
"was, when a man was famous as he assisted in adorning the 
" House of God ; but now they break down the carved work with 
"axes and hammers," and another, " Some beautiful brasses have 
" been stolen within these two months ; " and another (accompany- 
ing his remark by an illustration), " The old vicarage house has 
" been converted into a gin and beer shop, and christened ' The 
"Hoy."'* 

These statements are further corroborated by the testmiony of 
the Parish Clerk (in his own handwriting) : " 1805, Reculver 
" Church and Village stood in safetey; 1806, the sea begun to 
"make a little incroach on the willage ; 1807, the farmers begun 
" take up the seaside stonework, and sold it to the Margate 
" Pier Compney for a foundation for the new peir, and the 
" timber by action [auction], as it was good oak fit for their 
"hoame use, and than the willage became a total rack to the 
" mercy of the sea. 

"Oct. 13th, 1802. — The Chapel house fell down [here some 
" connecting remarks are wanting]. This being all dun and 
" spread abroad, the people come from all parts to see the ruines 
" of village and the church. Mr. C. C. nailor been Vicar of the 
" parish, his mother fancied the church was keep for a poppet 
" show, and she persuaded har son to take it down, so he took 
" it in consideration, and named it to the farmers in the parish 
" about taking it down ; sum was for it and sum against it ; than 
" Mr. nailor wrote to the Bishop to know if he might have the 
" church took down, and is answer was, it must be dun by a ma- 
" jority of the people in the parish, so hafter a long time he got 
"the majority of one, so down come the Church. 

" for it, Mr. Nailor, vicker, Mr. Tom denne, Reculver, Mr. 

" W. Staines, Brooke, Mr. Tom Fix, hilbrow : — Against it, Mr. 

"Wm. Brown, Reculver, Mr. Step. Bayer, Bishopstone, Mr. 

" Brett, Clark to the old church 40 years. 

" The last tax [text] that Mr. nailor took was these words, Let 
" your ways be the ways of rightness, and your path the peace, 
"and down come the church, and whot wos is thoats about is 
" flock that day no one knows." f 

* "The Hoy and Anchor," according to the late Mr. Frank Buckland, who 
states that he discovered the old signboard and saved it from destruction, 
Oct. 3rd, 1^6^.— Land and Water, May, 1871. 

t" Reculver Church," by George Dowker, p. 10. 



6 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

Of this church, it is sad to record, little now is left from the 
hands of the destroyer. The towers, west doorway, with wall 
and gable above, a portion of the walls of the chancel, and little 
more than the foundations of the nave and aisles, are all that 
remain, /;; sitii^ of this ancient and interesting structure. For the 
preservation of these ruins even as they are, the country (for the in- 
terest is national) is indebted to the Corporation of Trinity House. 

In i8og the Brethren arranged to expend ;!{^5oo upon groynes 
" to preserve the towers of the ancient church, as the most 
" distinguishing landmark for that part of the coast." 




•^.-ctmir -n.iT .iTIf >li --^■■g 



In 181 1 they purchased of the Vicar (Rev. C. Naylor) and the 
Churchwardens the towers V. C. for ;^ioo; and in 1866, "to 
" prevent the further fall of the cliff and the depredations of 
" persons taking away the bones jutting thereupon " [the writer has 
seen full-length skeletons, very long, exposed to view, probably 
ihose of the Danes or Jutes who perished in predatory incur- 
sions], " covered the entire hill with granite." 

But besides the ruins of Reculver, already described, and far 
exceeding them in archaeological (I should rather say national) 
interest, are the two Roman columns of the chancel arch (see 



RECUL VER. 7 

plate), part of the old Basilica, happily discovered uninjured by that 
distinguished labourer in the cause of science, Dr. Sheppard, 
which are now safely preserved in the precincts of Canterbury 
Cathedral. ••' 

Is it not to be regretted that these remarkable relics — I believe 
absolutely unique — are not restored to Reculver, and replaced 
upon their own foundations, which yet remain ? 

* Arch. Cant., vol. iii., p. 135-6. 





CHAPTER II. 

l^arisfi of f^ernr, 

jl|JcERNE, or Hearn, is situated in the north part of Kent. The 
"-^^ church, which is in the centre of the parish, is six miles north 
of Canterbury, on the high road, and two miles south of Heme Bay 




VIEW OF VILLAGE FROM CHURCH TORCH. 

It is also written in ancient documents " Hierne," " Hyerne," 
'' Huerne," " Heron," " Keren," and " Henn." 

Hasted * and Ireland f derive it from the Saxon Hyrne or 
Hurne, a corner; Philpot "from the breeding of Hemes % there." 

* Vol. iii.,p. 617. t Vol. ., p. 410. J Villare Cantianum, Index, p. 397. 



PARISH OF HERNE. 9 

It has an area of 4,829 acres, and a population of 4,259. Besides 
the Parish Church, there is another, Christ Church, with an 
ecclesiastical district assigned to it — the well-known and now 
rapidly improving and increasing watering place, Heme Bay. 

There is no doubt that in former times, when families of wealth 
and influence occupied the different mansions that then existed, 
the parish was both populous and flourishing. 

Archbishop Islip (1352) obtained a grant of a market and fair; 
" the market to be held weekly, on a INIonday, and a fair yearly, 
on the feast of St. Martin and the day afterwards."^-' Bishop 
Ridley, in his farewell to Heme, addresses it as " thou worshipful 
and wealthy parish.'' 

It is usually divided into five boroughs — " Hampton," " Thorn- 
den," " Stroud," " Hawe," and " Beltinge ;" associated, some of 
them, with the names of distinguished families, of which nothing 
now remains but memory. But besides these, there were other 
places of note, now almost forgotten. 

PLACES OF NOTE. 

Hawe. — The manor house of Hawe, or Haghe, situated in a 
valley, about a third of a mile east of the church, was one of the 
most remarkable. It was surrounded by a moat, which still 
exists. In the reign of Richard II. (1337 — 99) it was held by Sir 
William Waleys, whose only daughter Elizabeth carried it by 
marriage to Sir Peter Halle (See Brass, No. i) " whose grandson, 
Matthew sold his interest to Sir John Fineux, who rebuilded the 
mansion and afterwards retired to it." f 

" Matthew Philip, Citizen, Goldsmith, and Mayor of the City 
of London," also possessed it, together with the Manor of Under- 
down. (See Brass III., and Old Wills.) 

The reason asigned by Leland for the selection of this spot by 
Sir John Fineux as his dwelling-place is interesting, and must be 
very gratifying to the parishioners at the present time, as it 
corroborates the favourable testimony which the Registrar General 
has repeatedly given as to the healthiness of the locality. " Olde 
" Finioux buildid his faire house on purchasid ground for the 
"■ comodite of preservinge his healthe, so that afore the physicians 
" concludid that it was an exceeding helthful quarter." % 

* Pat. Anno 25 Edw. III., N. 31. 
t Hasted, vol. iii., 617. % Itin., vol. vi., p. 8. 



10 MEMORIALS OF HEKNE, KENT. 

Of this manor nothing now remains but the moat, some out- 
buildings of interesting fifteenth century brickwork, and some 
pieces of a moulded doorway of the Tudor period, which, in all 
probability, belonged to the " faire house " of Sir John Fineux.* 

Stroud, or Strode (formerly Seas or Atte-Seas Court) is situated 
in the park close by the church. Philpot, in his description of 
this manor (a.d. 1559), tells us that "for some ages it owned the 
** name and interest of At Sea, till fate and time, that are the 
" common sepulchre of families, by sale gave up the fee simple, an 
" age or two since, to Knowler."f The Knowlers were a family of 
great distinction, who ultimately became possessed of large estates, 
not only in Heme, but also in Hoath and Chislet. 

The family of " Churche " was also connected with this borough. 
" James a Churche made a grant of sixteen pence a year at Le 
" Platts, in Strode burgh, to the Hospital of Harbledown, 1 3th 
March, 1492,"]: and on the 23rd of the same month and year, 
another bequest of " eightpence yearly out of a messuage and 
" 3 acres of land in Strode borough in Herne."§ 

A view of the old house ( " the seat of Gilbert Knowler, Esq.") 
will be found in Buncombe's " History of Herne."|| 

Uiiderdown (at Eddington) is a manor of ancient date. " In 1 335 
" James Bate granted to Nicholas de Underdowne i acre 3 roods 
'• at Gateheye, in Herne."^ 

It was at one time in the possession of the Sea, or At-Sea, 
family. " John Atte Sea died possessed of it in the year 1458, as 
"did his descendant, William, in 1545."** 

His descendant John Sea (see Brass No. 5), dying in 1604, 
devised his manor of Underdown to his eldest son Edward, who 
afterwards disposed of it to Robert Knowler, whose family had 
been resident in this parish as early as King Henry the Seventh's 
reign. Robert Knowler died, possessed of it, in 1635, and was 
buried in the Chantry Chapel of this church {inde Plate, p. 28), and 
his descendants continued to reside at it down to Gilbert Knowler, 
who resided at Stroud. It afterwards became the property of the 

* These now form a bridge over a dyke between Hawe and Broomfield, 
across the fields. 

t Villare Cantianum, p. 185. + Harbledown Private Deeds, No. 92. 

^ Harbledown Private Deeds, No. 93. 

II Bib. Top. Brit, xviii., p. 9S. IT Harbledown Private Deeds, No. 80. 

** Hasted, vol. iii., p. 617. 



PARISH OF BERNE. U 

Oxendens (a very ancient family), one of whom (Sir George) 
rebuilt the house. 

In the several wills of this family in the Consistorial Court at 
Canterbury, the name of Sea is never mentioned, but will be 
found under the heading " Manor of Underdown." 

Lottinge, also written Louting, was formerly a small manor 
situated in the north-west part of the parish, belonging to the 
family of Greenshield, the last of whom, Henry, died without 
issue, and the property was sold in accordance with his will, to 
John Quekes, of Birchington. 

Makenbrooke. — The Manor of Makenbrooke (now almost for- 
gotten) was situated in the north-west part of the parish. It was 
formerly part of the ancient possessions of the See of Canterbury, 
and was held "by Knyte's fee." In the reign of William the 
Conqueror, " Vitalis de Canterbury held 12 acres (agros) and half 
" a suling in Macebroc of the Archbishop,"* after which it came 
into the possession of a family who assumed their name from it ; 
in A.D. 1290, Archbishop Peckham received homage from Hamo 
de Makenbroke. t 

"In the year 1544 Anthony See died seized (possessed) of it, 
held of the Archbishop by Knight's Service." 4 

Ridgiiiay, situated on a ridge a little to the south-east of the 
church, was also a place of some importance. " Edward Monins, 
" of Waldershire, by his will, proved 1553, devised to his son 
" Richard, and Catherine his wife, his manor, or messuage, called 
" Reggeway.":|: The family of Monins is very ancient, and intimately 
connected with Heme. Sir Simon de Monins came over with the 
Conqueror, and their arms (three crescents) are sculptured. on one 
of the shields of the Font (wrongly ascribed in Simpson's " Series 
of Ancient Fonts" to Holowe),§ and also, together with those of 
Stephen Knowler, on a stone slab in the nave. This Manor now 
belongs to the Bering family, also very ancient and distinguished. 

Thornden, situated about two miles and a half west of the 
Church, is a very ancient place, although there are no remains 
or records, except a few grants, of the families who lived there. 

* MS. cited by Somner, appendix p. 45, as Domesday Book, 
t Hasted, vol. iii. 619. j Hasted iii. 620. 

§ Perpendicular Period. Heme Church Font. 



12 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

In 1332, " Richard Attc Brooke granted to Henry de Suthreye 
" and Christian his wife, one acre of land in the Parish of Heme 
"and Burgh of Thorndcnne."* 

In 1338, "Walter Bayli granted to Henry, son of Richard de 
"Suthreye, and his wife, two acres in Thorndenne Borough." f 

In 1429, "John a Churche gave 8d. yearly and two acres 
" and a-half at Stockgrove, in Thornden, in Heme, to the Prior 
"of Harbledown."t 

Belti?ige. — Although very little is known about Beltinge, there is 
no doubt that its history, if it could be discovered, would be far 
more ancient and interesting than that of any other place in the 
parish. 

The name alone bespeaks its Pagan origin, being evidently 
derived from Bel, or Baal (the deity whose name is found in the 
composition of so many Tyrian and Carthaginian names. Sc. Baal- 
Bek.) and "ting," or "thing," an assembly, from the old Norse 
" tinga," to speak, and allied with the English word " think." 
The first syllable is found elsewhere, as in " Waldershire," 
(Baldershire, from the cognate Balder), and " Balham." The 
Northmen, according to Taylor, introduced the word " ting '' into 
England, and it still exists among us, as in " Hastings " — 
" House-things. "§ 

Mr. W. de Gray Birch thinks that " some of the barrows, or 
other likely places, should be opened," and- believes that "careful 
investigation would lead to interesting results." 

Rectory House "The Old Rectory" (according to Hasted), 
" stood in the hamlet of Eddington, opposite to Underdown. It 
was once a place of considerable importance, in the form of a 
quadrangle, one side of which only remains."|| The Milles family 
(now Earl Sondes) resided in it for several generations. They 
were, for a great many years, the Impropriators of the great tithes, 
and large benefactors to the church and parish.^ 

Ford House (the site of the oldest manor belonging to the See 
of Canterbury) is not in Heme, but in Hoath, being separated by 
the highway, which divides the two parishes. It is, however, such 

* Harbledown Private Deeds, No. 77. f Harbledown Private Deeds, No. 79. 
X Harbledown Private Deeds, No. 94. 

§ Words and Places, p. 199. || Hasted, vol. iii. p. 623. 

II A view of the Old Vicarage Plouse is in Duncombe's Hist, of Heme. 
Bib. Top. Brit, xviii., p. 98. 



PARISH OF HERNE. 13 

an ancient and remarkable placCj and so intimately connected with 
Heme, that a brief description cannot fail to be interesting. " It 
consisted of about eight acres," given by Ethelbert, King of Kent, 
upon which a spacious edifice was built, surrounded by a moat. 
"There was a park belonging to the manor, of 166 acres, and 
also two free commons," "Hunter's Borstal" (now Forstall) 
and '• Belting Green."* It appears from the register-book 
of Reculver (why Reculver and not Hoath, does not appear) 
that the archbishop had a chapel at Ford, " Francis, sonne of Sir 
Thomas Perryn, knight," being baptized there Sept. 28th, .t62o.f 

Another proof of this is furnished by the following entry in the 
register book of Heme : " Thomas, son of John Knowler, baptized 
at Ford, 26 April, 1607." 

The difference between the opinions of some of the archbishops, 
as to tlie healthiness of Ford, is very amusing. Morton and Parker 
considered it "low and unhealthy," and the latter "petitioned to 
" have it pulled down." Cranmer evidently thought otherwise, as 
he frequently resided there, and was often visited by his friend 
Ridley, Vicar of Heme. In 1537, when the Plague raged at 
Lambeth, he spent a good deal of his time there, during which the 
Bible was first printed in English. In 1552 he was there again, 
and it is very remarkable that, although suffering from ague in the 
summer of that year, he removed to Ford in October. Whitgift also 
liked the place, and is said to have enjoyed hunting in the park.J 

Ford is further celebrated as having been visited by Royalty. 
In one of his excursions to the continent. King Henry VIII. went 
in his barge to Gravesend, landed there, and proceeded on horse- 
back to Ford, where he remained the night with the Archbishop 
(Cranmer), and continued his journey the next day to. Dover, 
whence he embarked. § 

The place was demolished about the year 1658,11 and some 
idea of its grandeur may be formed from the fact that the bricks, 
timber, and other materials, which were sold to any purchaser, 
were valued at ;^84o.^ Sotne of the stones of the old house may, 1 
think, be still seen in the garden im/nediately opposite. 

Legends and stories concerning the spring-s (one in the old 

* Chartoi Miscellanea; MS. Lib. Lambeth. Vol. i. 31. 

t Appointed keeper of the manor and palace by Archbishop Abbot. 

X Bib. Top. Brit., xviii. 112. \ Ibid. 

II Harris's " Hist, of Kent," p. 157. II Parliamentary Survey of 1647. 



14 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

palace grounds, and another, " St. Ethelburga's," in a meadow 
behind the house opposite), the Vineyard, and the Fishpond, still 
linger in the neighbourhood. The visitor, besides enjoying a 
pleasant walk, will be amply repaid by a sight of the objects which 
still remain, the interest of which is increased by the halo of 
antiquity which surrounds them. 

Bleati Union.— The Blean Union must certainly be classed with 
places of note. " It was built by lease of charity lands, 24th June, 
" 1 791, the contracting parties being the Rev. Joseph Price, vicar, 
" and eighteen parishioners, on the one part, and Thomas Reynolds 
" — the highest bidder at a public auction — on the other. Mr. 
"Reynolds gave ;^24o for the lease of ten acres of good land for 
" 102 years, at the yearly rental of £2. 2s. 

The Charity Commissioners, in their report (26th June, 1836), 
urged that compensation should be made to the poor for the 
injury which this transaction effected, and the money invested in 
the funds on their behalf, and with this view they certified the case 
to the Attorney-General.'^' 

A worse case of wrong could scarcely be found ; and this is 
only one among many ! At the last Inspection (1873), the 
Commissioner expressed a fear that through the neglect of the 
authorities (vicars, churchwardens, and overseers), the value of 
the benefactions on behalf of the church and poor had dwindled 
down into a mere rent charge. (See Old Wills.) 

It ought further to be stated that ^/ic poor tvere not only 
defrauded of money, but also of light, for the Blean Union, as at 
first built, was absolutely without a window in the outside walls. 

In Queen Elizabeth's reign a beacon was fixed in this parish 
on the hill where the Windmill now stands, as appears by a chart 
of the beacons in Lambard's Perambulation, drawn by the 
direction of Sir ^^'illiam Brook, Lord Cobham, Lord Lieutenant 
of the county, f 

The parishioners of Heme, both gentle and simple, have ever 
been fond of sports and pastimes. It has been already stated 
that even an archbishop (Whitgift) enjoyed hunting, of which the 
parishioners are to this day very fond. In the middle ages 
archery was evidently practised. J Sometimes these pastimes 

*A. Kent, Heme Charities. t Bib. Top. Brit., xviii., 109. 

i See Parish Register 1572. 



PARISH OF HERNE. 15 

were of an intellectual, and even dramatic character. Canon 
Scott Robertson, in his " Passion Play and Interludes," writes : 
'' Few records in Kent give us so plain a proof of the 
"general prevalence, even in small parishes, of these Passion 
" Plays, or Mysteries, as do the Archives of Romney and Lydd. 
"... The distance of the parish of Heme did not prevent its 
"players from making their way to Romney and Lydd, where they 
" knew that appreciative audiences would be found, and where 
" the municipal authorities would not only pay the customary fee 
" of 6s. 8d., but would be liberal in their distribution of wine, 
"bread, beer, and other refreshments."* 

The parishioners of Heme were equally disposed to acknow- 
ledge and remunerate the services of other actors, for in the 
records of the corporation of New Romney there is an item : — 
" 7, 8 Hen. vi. (1429-30), Given to certain persons coming to 
" Hyerne with a certain play, los. 8d."f 

Three hundred years afterwards it would appear from the 
following advertisement that popular taste had somewhat de- 
generated : — 

" To all Gentlemen of Diversion, &c. At Daniel Dering's, at 
" the sign of ' the Rose and Man of War,' Hearn, on Thursday 
" next, there will be a Hog dressed whole (barbecued) and given 
" away ; with cock-fighting and other entertainments. "| 

The love of sport stills exists in the parish, but it is happily 
improved, owing, no doubt, to the benign influence of education. 

In 1866, in the face of great difficulties and discouragements, 
National Schools were built for the numerous children running 
about wild; and, as sympathetic, generous, and encouraging 
promoters, three names deserve to be recorded — William Richards, 
and Charles Jacomb, of Upper Clapton, and George John, Lord 
Sondes, all now no more. " They rest from their labours, and 
their works do follow them." 

* Arch. Cant., vol. xiii., p. 225. 
t Hist. MS. Comm., vol. v., p. 437. % Kentish Post, July 15th, 1747. 



16 



MEMORIALS OF BERNE, KENT. 




THE PARISH CHURCH, HERNE, KENT. 



CHAPTER III. 

E\}t Cijurcl) of f^erne* 

fHE church, "dedicated to St. Martin of Tours" (see p. 16), 
consists of nave, north and south aisles, chancel, north and 
south chantry chapels, and tower at the north-west angle. It is 
in the Hundred of Blean, the Deanery of Westbere, and the 
Diocese of Canterbury. The Archbishop is patron, and it is 
exempt from the archdeacon's jurisdiction. Its value, in the king's 
books, is :^2c i6s. 3d., and yearly tenths ^2 is. 7fd."* 

There was, without doubt, a much older church than that now 
existing, and some of its stones of Norman date, moulded and 
carved, may be seen in the walls of the porch and west front of 
the present nave. 

Besides the evidence afforded by deeds of gift of thirteenth 
century date, still extant, relating to church and churchyard, 
further proof of the existence of an earlier church is, I think, 
furnished by " an archdeacon's memoranda of offences and 
deficiencies in the churches of Heme, St. Nicholas, and All 
Saints, in the thirteenth century," at least a century before any 
portion of the present church could have existed. The extract 
(indexed Heme) is very remarkable, and the severity of the arch- 
deacon's rebuke has the ring of the prophet Isaiah ; with the 
exception of the last clause, which tends rather to justify the 
sarcasm of Erasmus, "a death-bed was a friar's harvest."! 

" Books are deficient, chancels out of repair, executors remiss, 
" and Agnes Curteys is a standing temptation to sin. One 
'■'■parishioner has been allcnved to die intestate.^'X 

* Bacon's Liber Regis, p. 52. t Blunt's " Reformation," p. 42. 
X Hist. MS. Commiss. v. 437. 



18 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

As the date of the present church cannot be earlier than the 
middle of the fifteenth century, the archdeacon must evidently be 
alluding to a much older church. 

The Tower, — One of the most imposing features of this church 
is its massive tower, of stone and faced flint, the oldest part now 
remaining. Its staircase is considered by Brandon " very elegant ;"* 







Plate I.— TOWER, SHOWING CRACKS AND FISSURES. 



it, however, very greatly diminishes the strength of the tower, being 
built inside, and therefore taking the place of the two north-east 
angle buttresses, one of which is further weakened by a doorway 
being cut through it, leading from the staircase to the roof of the 
north aisle. (See plate i.) This is quite clear, from the threatening 



Anal, of Gothic Archi., p. 15. 



THE CHURCH OF BERNE. 



19 



cracks and fissures in the north and east faces of the Tower, and 
the consequent subsidence has caused the crushing of some of 
the mouldings in one of the baptistery arches, also in the cills of the 







Plate 2. — THE BAPTISTERY. 



[See page 2i. 



Staircase doorway, and windows. So ominous have these fissures 
and crushings at length become, that the architect has advised 
that the staircase doorway, and the short gallery leading into the 



C 2 



20 



MEMORIALS OF BERNE, KENT. 




THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 



21 



ringing chamber should be blocked up solidly with masonry, and 
the pier of one of the windows in the ringing chamber rebuilt, 
and that, until this has been done, the bells should not be rung. 

Porch. — The Porch, which we will next describe, contains two 
stoups for Holy Water, built into the wall, one on each side of the 
entrance ; and besides the Norman stones (the remains of the older 
church referred to) it has a piece of the old porch cross built into 




Plate 4.— NORTH CHANTRY CHAPEL (PART OF NORTH AISLE), SHOWING 
PROPOSED ALTERATION. 

the front wall, just above the entrance doorway. Notice, that 
instead of being at right angles to the church, as is usual, and as 
all illustrations up to the present time describe it, this porch 
inclines greatly to the right, thus accommodating itself to the 
pathway leading to the village, which probably existed in the time 
of the Norman church. (See Ground Plan, p. 22.) 

Baptistery. — The Baptistery, which is formed by the lower stage 



22 



MEMORIALS OF BERNE, KENT. 




THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 23 

of the tower, open to the church, is full of architectural beauty and 
interest. The groined roof — the characteristic corbel heads* — the 
large west window of Early Decorated work (described in Brandon) 
— the north window (remarkable as having double cuspings in the 
tracery), — the arches, with their fine mouldings and clustered 
shafts, — and last, but not least, the Font itself, are all worthy of 
particular notice. (See plate 2, p. 19.) 

Font. — This Font formerly stood at the west end of the nave, 
and is of corresponding date ; it is octagonal in form, with panel- 
ling and shields round the bowl, and its pedestal is enriched by 
delicate tracery. It was selected by Simpson (in his " Series of 
Ancient Fonts ") as a very fine and complete specimen of the 
Perpendicular period. 

The ist shield bears the arms of Henry IV., quarterly — i, 4, 
France (modern) ; 2, 3, England. 

The 2nd, the arms of the Monins family, three crescents. 

The 3rd, Saxton. Three wings erect. 

The 4th, Pelham. Three pelicans vulning themselves. 

The 5th, Loveryk (almost obliterated) on a chevron, three f 
leopards' heads ? 

The 6th, Halle. Barry of 6 pieces, 3 escutcheons, 2 and i . \ 

The 7th, Archbishop Arundel. Per pale, dexter, See of 
Canterbury, sinister chequey, i.e., Arundel. 

The 8th, symbols of the Passion. Fabulous arms, ascribed 
by the heralds to our Lord Jesus Christ. 

By means of the first and seventh of these shields, we are 
enabled to fix the precise date of the font as between 1396 and 141 4. 

North Aisle. — The North Aisle, immediately adjoining the bap- 
tistery, is the only part of the church not restored. The visitor has 
only to look up at the ceiling to see the pressing need of a new roof, 
in place of the present unsightly lean-to one of lath and plaster, 
through which the rain drips at every shower. (See plate 3, p. 20.) 
Two mural slabs of white marble on the tower buttress, in memory 
of Helen Grace Loughman (nee Brown) and Florence Gray (nee 
Lee), cousins, tell a sad tale of the frailty of human life. The two 
windows, deeply set, and splayed with heads like those in the 

* The head-dress of the one in the north-east angle closely resembles that of 
the wifeof Sir Peter Halle. (See Brass No. I.) 

t See " Brasses," No. VII., Anthony Loveryk, p. 43. 
X See Brass No. I, Sir Peter Halle. 



24 MEMORIALS OF IIERNE, KENT. 

baptistery, are filled with stained glass ; one is in memory of 
Rosalind Aglaia Leaf, the other (by Clayton and Bell, and the best 
in the church), in memory of Eliza Pegg.* William Rogers (died 
1773) and John Wood (died 1831), former vicars, are buried in 
this aisle. 

The chief point of interest in this part of the church is the fine 
old screen which separates the north aisle from the north chantry, 
or Milles's Chapel. (See plate 5, p. 25.) 

Canon Scott Robertson, in a very interesting paper on Kentish 
Rood Screens, pronounces it to be " a screen of remarkably good 
" design, the top of which bears indubitable traces of a rood-loft." 
"We know," he adds, " that there were such rood-lofts in the side 
" aisles of some churches." f 

This is undoubtedly true, but in this case I think he is mistaken. 
I am of opinion, after due consideration and consultation, that 
this is the original Rood-Screen which occupied the place of the 
modern Chancel-Screen, and the measurements and facts generally 
tend to prove it. 

Nave. — We now come to the Nave. This is very wide, and, 
together with the north and south aisles, forms an exact square. 

It has on the north side four pointed arches, including that of 
the tower ; and five on the south. 

The octagonal pillars, of Bethersden marble, are very light and 
graceful. The mouldings on the arches of the south arcade are 
different from those of the north. 

If the visitor will here notice a peculiar, but very picturesque, 
arch above the tower arch of the baptistery, opening into the 
west end of the nave, he will have another very clear proof of the 
existence of a church anterior to the present one. (See plate 6, 
p. 26.) The nave and north aisle are evidently built up to, and even 
carefully fitted to, the tower ; the difficulty with regard to the 
westernmost arch of the nave arcade (north side) being cleverly 
overcome in the manner described. 

There was, in all probability, first a Norman church, of which 

* The quality and design of the coloured glass throughout is much to be 
regretted in this as in so many other churches. Within the last fifty years, 
millions of money have been thrown away on glass of this kind, a great deal 
of which is now being replaced. The visitor has only to compare the Window 
of Clayton and Bell with some of the others, to see the truth of this. 

t Arch. Cant., XIV., 371. 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 



25 



the stones already alluded to formed a part. To this the present 
tower was added about a.d. 1350, and subsequently, when the old 
Norman church was pulled down, leaving the tower standing, the 




■& \ I if^'^^^^cam 







/') 



Plate 5. — OLD SCREEN. 



\See page 24. 



present church was built ; the date of which may be put as early 
in the 15th century. 

Brandon, Rickman, and Sir Stephen Glynne, are all incorrect 



26 



MEMORIALS OF NERNE, KENT. 




Plate 6. — PICTURESQUE ARCH. 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 27 

in describing certain portions of the church as " Early English." 
As the late Mr. Street remarked in a paper read some years ago 
at the Royal Institute of British Architects,* " Mediaeval archi- 
" tects occasionally closely imitated the styles of previous periods 
" of architecture, chiefly the Early English or lancet styles." 

The lancet windows in the tower and chancel and other parts 
certainly resemble Early English, but Early English they are not. 
At the western end of the nave there is a very large window, with 
five lights, known to archgeologists as Perpendicular, or third pointed. 

At the east end is a handsome modern Chancel Screen, boldly 
carved. The opening in the wall at the south-east corner of the 
nave was anciently the m^ans of access to the old rood-loft ; 
the narrow passage way behind, still bears, shoulder high on the 
plaster work, the impress of those who passed through it more 
than 300 years ago. Three oak steps yet remain in the passage, 
and form a part of the old approach from below. 

Memorial stones with inscriptions and arms mark the vaults 
beneath of the ancient families of " Knowler," " Monins,"t 
" Conyers," and " Fagg." 

South Aisle. — The South Aisle contains a modern 3-light 
window at the west end, and along the side three ancient 2-light 
windows, similar to those in the north aisle, but of plainer 
character. These are filled with stained glass, one in memory of 
Edward Reynolds Collard, and two in memory of William 
Newton (a former Churchwarden, who took an active interest in 
the church), his wife, and two children. 

There are also mural tablets in memory of the families of 
" May," " Collard," and " Belsey," and a stone statue of Bishop 
Ridley, "some time vicar," occupies a Gothic niche in the centre 
of the south wall. 

An old and very interesting Piscina (place for cleansing the Holy 
Vessels) formerly blocked up, will be noticed in the wall near the 
vestry door. It has a Tudor Rose carved in the bowl. 

South Chantry Chapel. — The South Chantry Chapel (commonly 
called the "Knowler Chapel ") is divided from the nave by an arch 
of simple but good proportions ; it has a Perpendicular, or third 
pointed, window of four lights on the east side, and two of two lights, 
of the same period, on the south. The old oak roof still remains. 

* 29th Nov., 1869. t With arms, three crescents, same as on font. 



28 



MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 



This chapel literally teems with monuments of the Knowlers, 
and also of the Pembrooks and Fairmans, with whom they are 
connected by marriage. The following are a few of the most 
important : — 

1. In the south-east corner, a very handsome Jacobean mural 
monument, in memory of Robert Knowler of Heme (died 1635), 
and Susan, his wife (died 1631). (See plate.) 

2. Under the organ, a black marble slab, in memory of Thomas, 

son of the above, a bachelor, 
who died 1658. He was a great 
benefactor. (See Old Wills.) 
On his gravestone it is written 
that "he gave £\o to buy a 
pulpit cloth marked "T. K., 
" and the communion table 
"cloth, and ^10 to be dis- 
" tributed upon the day of his 
" burial, unto the poor, and ;^2 
" per annum for ever to repair 
" the isle in which he lay, and 
" J^S P^'^ annum for ever to 
" clothe the poor of this parish, 
" out of his farm at Belting, in 
" this parish. ' The righteous 
"shall be held in everlasting 
" remembrance.' " 

3. Also under the organ, John 
Knowler, another son (died 
1655), Robert, son of John 
(died 1693), and Elizabeth his 
wife (died 1693), also of 
Catherine, their daughter (died 1708), and of Elizabeth, another 
daughter (died 1724). The epitaph is still visible. 

" All must to their cold graves ; 
But the religious actions of the just 
Smell sweet in death, and blossom in the dust." 




MURAL MONUMENT. 

In meviory of Robert Knowler, died 1635, 
and Susanna, died 1631. 



4. On a black marble slab in the centre is an inscription in 
memory of Gilbert Knowler, of Stroud in Heme, Knight (great 
grandson of the first), and his three wives — Elizabeth, daughter of 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 29 

Elias Juxon ; Honeywood, daughter of Vincent Denne, and 
Susanna, daughter of Martin Lister. The arms of all the families 
are duly incised. 

5. In the north-west corner is a mural monument of sienna 
marble of Gilbert Knowler, son of last (died 1737), and Mary his 
wife (died 1735). 

On a flat stone, under the organ, is the following curious 
epitaph : — 

" Here lies a piece of Christ, a star in dust, 
A vein of gold, a china dish which must 
Be used in heaven, when God shall feed the just.* 
Approved by all, and loved so well, 
Though young, like fruit that's ripe he fell." 

The fine organ (built by Mr. T. C Lewis in 1870, by collec- 
tions and contributions) has been recently enlarged, remodelled, 
and re-voiced, by Messrs. Michell and Thynne, at the expense of 
Mrs. Pegg, in memory of her daughter Eliza. 

Chancel. — The Chancel in 1869 was quite bare, and open to 
the nave and north chantry chapel. The ancient choir stalls, 
called " Miserere," very fine, and beautifully carved, were 
scattered about the church, and the sedilia, or seats for the 
celebrant and his assistants, were completely defaced and blocked 
up by the large pyramidal monument in memory of Samuel Milles 
(died 1727). 

The end of the Subsellia (east of south side, see plate 7, page 
30) struck the keynote of the restoration. By placing this in its 
present position, the architect, Mr. William White, was enabled to 
replace the other parts in their proper places, and what was missing 
was made good. 

The monument of Samuel Milles was removed (by kind per- 
mission, and at the expense of the late Lord Sondes) to the 
Milles chapel (see plates 3 and 4) ; and the seats of the sedilia, 
when restored, gave the levels of ascent (seven in number) from 
the nave to the Altar. The Chancel was repaved with encaustic 
tiles, and, in addition to the new Choir stalls, a new Altar, bishop's 
chair, and lectern of carved oak, were provided by collection 

♦ The first three lines are copied from an epitaph for a godly man's tomb in 
Wild's Iter Boreale, &c., p. 46. The following is the counterpart, for a 
wicked man's tomb : — 

" Here lies the carcase of a cursed sinner, 
Doomed to be roused for the devil's dinner." 



30 



MEMORIALS OF IIERNE, KENT. 



and contribution. Miss Mary Laskerville gave a very handsome 
corona, in memory of her sister Jane ; the Ecclesiastical Commis- 
sioners thoroughly restored the roof; and Mrs. Frances Louisa i 




Plate 7. — CHANCEL. 



Smith, of Heme Bay, crowned the whole by the munificent gifts of 
Reredos, stained glass East window, Chancel Screen, separating 
Chancel from North Chantry Chapel, two large brass candelabra, 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 



31 



one on each side of the Altar, and the stained glass windows and 
new oak benches in the porch, at the cost of nearly a thousand 
pounds. The architects for Mrs. Smith's gift were Messrs. Goldie 
and Child ; the sculptor, Mr. Earp ; and the artist in glass, Mr, 
Wailes. 

East IVindow. — The East Window, of five lights, is noticeable 
for its cluster of circles in the upper part, which at first seems to 

be Early English, or first pointed 
work. It is, however, of the same 
date as the rest of the church (except 
the tower), viz., third pointed, or 
Perpendicular. 

The two other windows, of single 
lights (also resembling Early English) 
are both filled with stained glass, 
well executed; the North ("The 
Resurrection") in memory of William 
Wood; the South ("The Ascen- 
sion ") in memory of the Rev. John 
Wood, Vicar (died 1831, the father 
of the former), and Catherine Eliza- 
beth, his wife. 

The Sedilia (seats for the clergy) 
and Piscina (place for cleansing the 
holy vessels) are very interesting, 
and worthy of careful notice. 

Monument of Sir W. Thor7ihurst. 
— The visitor cannot fail to observe 
an old monument, representing a 
warrior in armour kneeling on a 
cushion at a table, with gilded hel- 
met and crest (there was formerly 
also a banner) above. See plate. 
The following is the inscription : — 

" Here lieth buried the body of Sir William Thornhurst Knight sonne and 
heire to Sir Stephen Thornhurst of Foorde in this countie, Knight, 
which Sir William married Ann daughter unto the Right Honourable 
Thomas Lord Howard Viscount Howard of Bindon and by her had issue one 
Sonne named Giftbrd Thornhurst and two daughters named Frances and 
Grace. He dyed the 24th daye of July 1606 and in the 31st year of his age." 




MONUMENT OF SIR WILLIAM 
THORNHURST. 



32 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

This monument is most beautifully executed in marble alabaster, 
coloured with gold, vermilion, and blue. It is otherwise very 
interesting. Sir AVilliam, as well as his father, was keeper of the 
Archbishop's Palace at Ford (already described), and his great- 
granddaughter was the celebrated Duchess of Marlborough, who 
figured so long and prominently in the reign of Queen Anne. 

The following is the Pedigree : — 

Sir "William Thornhurst, of Heme =pAnn, daughter of Thomas, Lord 

I Howard of Bindon. 

r -" 

Sir Gifford Thornhurst, of 01d=]=Susanna, daughter of Sir Alexander 

Romney. Bart. | Temple, Knight of Chadwell. 

r' ' 

Prances Thornhurst =i=Richard Jenyns, of S. Albans, 

I Herts. 

I -" 

Sarah Jenyns =f=John Churchill, first Duke of 

/KMarlborough. 

The perforation in the wall beneath this monument is a 
Hagioscope (commonly called a squint) probably to enable the 
worshippers in the North Chantry Chapel to have a view of the 
High Altar. 

Table Tomb. — The Table Tomb of stone, let into the north wall, 
is an object of special interest, and from the peculiarity of its 
position as well as the absence of any inscription, cannot fail to 
arrest the visitor's attention. 

Brandon says it is the Tomb of some distinguished person, 
probably the Founder. 

The three shields, bearing arms incised, and until recently 
covered with whitewash, seem to me clearly to indicate Sir John 
Fineux, who lived and died at Hawe (the "olde Fineux " already 
alluded to) as its owner. Sir John, whose arms are in the centre 
(a chevron between three eagles) married twice, and the arms of 
both his wives are incised on the same tomb. 

His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of William Apuldrefield 
(a very ancient family), of Lynstead, Kent, whose arms are a cross 
voided, and his second wife, Elizabeth, widow of William Clere, 
and daughter of " Sir John Paston the younger, of Paston, Nor- 
folk,"* whose arms are six fleur de lys a chief indented. It is true 
that Sir John devised to be buried in Canterbury Cathedral (see 
Old Wills), and that Somner declares that Sir John Fineux and his 

* Blomefield's Norfolk, vol. vi., p. 293, note 4. 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 33 

second wife are there buried,'^' but people were not always buried 
according to their wills {e.g., Sir Matthew Philip, see Old Wills). 
Gough tells us that local historians are often inaccurate. f 
I believe this to be the tomb of Sir John Fineux, and certainly 
of Elizabeth (Apuldrefield) his wife, who devised, by her will, to 
be buried in the " high quyre in the church at Heme " (see Old 
Wills), and in whose memory a very beautiful brass still remains. 
(See Brass IV.) 

North C/iaJifry, or Milks Chapel. — The North Chantry, or 
*Milles Chapel, is also called the " Lady Chapel,"]: and " Chapel 
of St. John the Baptist."§ This, I think, admits of very easy 
explanation. 

It is evident from a mere glance at the north and south 
walls that there were two Altars, and therefore two Chapels ; 
one dedicated to St. John the Baptist, the other to the Blessed 
Virgin jNIary. The present position of the Brasses (in the centre) 
is no proof to the contrary. At the first restoration of the church, 
in 1850, when the church was repewed, the west gallery removed, 
and a new roof put on the Nave and South Aisle, this Chapel was 
repaved, and I think it very likely that the positions of some of 
the Brasses were then altered. We know that Brasses have been 
removed, through ignorance or caprice, because, in the eyes of so- 
called restorers, they did not harmonise with the bright new tiles. 
Sometimes they are not even replaced. Some of the Brasses 
mentioned by Weever, Hasted, and Greenwood, as existing in this 
church cannot now be found. Not many months ago I myself 
discovered one of these — a very important one — and rescued it 
from the ignominious use to which it was being put. 

It was in a wind w, and on the back of it was written in chalk, 
'■'•Key of sa?idpit ai Mr. Roote^s.^' 

Some of the most distinguished ancestors of the Milles family 
are bi:ried in this chapel. The following are the most important : 

* Antiq. of Canterbury, Appendix, xxii. 

t '"Sepulchral Monuments," vol. i., p. 7. "So inattentive are the resident 
describers of our monuments that Archdeacon Batteley mistook for Archbis-hop 
Islip's in the nave of Canterbury Cathedral, an altar tomb or slab robbed of its 
brasses, which represented a man and wife." Gostling, p. 205. 

X A chantry in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary was founded in this church 
by Thomas Newe, Vicar of Reculver (" Vir vere insipiis.^') He resigned A. P. 
1356. Keg. Islip, fol. 237 a. 

s) Sir Peter Halle and William Philip both devised, by will, to be buried in 
the Chapel of St. John the Baptist, Heme. Hasted, vol. iii. p. 617 — 619, 

D 



34 [MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 




VIEW IN NORTH CHANTRY CHAPEL, SHOWING HAGIOSCOPE, AUMBRY, 
SCREEN, &C. 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 35 

I. — A black marble slab (on the floor the north side) " In 
" memory of Christopher Milles, Knight, Clarke of Queen Anne's 
"robes, and King James' and King Charles' privy chamber" 
(died 1638). In this vault are also buried; Mary, his second 
wife (died 1631), Edward (his eldest son, died 1627), Christopher 
(another son, died 1638,) and his two wives, Alicia and Sara 
(died 1664 and 1675, respectively). 

2. — A black and white marble pyramidal monument (removed 
from the Sedilia), in memory of Samuel Milles, Knight.* He 
married Anna, sister of Sir Thomas Hales, Bart. He was Steward 
of the temporal courts of the Archbishop, the Dean and Chapter, 
and the Monastery of S. Augustine's, Canterbury. He died 1727. 

3. On the North Wall is a very handsome marble monument, 
with a long and laudatory Latin epitaph of the period, in memory 
of Christopher Milles (grandson of the former), who died 1706, 
and his four wives : — 

Alice, daughter of Robert Saunders, of Maidstone, Esq. ; 
Sara, daughter of Samuel Disborough, of Maidstone, Esq. ; 
Margeret, daughter of John Boys, of Betteshanger, Esq. \ Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Sir Cheney Colepepper, Knight, of Leeds 
Castle. 

There are memorial stones on the floor in memory of William 
Foche, Vicar (died 17 13), and Elizabeth, wife of John Stephens, 
of Canterbury, and daughter of Richard Gillow, of Woodnes- 
borough (died 1743). 

There are also mural slabs, one in memory of the Palmer 
family, and the other "in remembrance of Rev. John Wood, 
B.D., thirty-seven years vicar " (died 1831), "one of the best of 
fathers, by his two affectionate children." 

BRASSES. 
We will now describe the brasses, five in number, with effigies and 
four inscriptions only. For particulars of dress I am indebted to 
Messrs. Waller, Boutell, and Haines, and also to Mr. George 
Capes, jun. 

I. Sir Peter Halle and wife (in the Chantry Chapel).— The 
knight is in a complete suit of plate armour, a gusset only of mail 
being visible behind the fan-shaped elbow-piece of the extended 

* He also was a benefactor, and gave a beautiful alms dish to ^he church. 

D 2 



36 



MEMORIALS OF BERNE, KENT. 







Brass I.— sir peter iialle and wife. 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 37 

arm. His feet, which have guarded spurs (indicating, I believe, a 
Court appointment) rest ui)on a dog. His right hand is joined to 
his wife's (the usual attitude is one of prayer). A portion only 
of the sword remains. 

Out of his mouth issues a label with an inscription (in Latin), 
" Have mercy upon me, O God." * 

The lady's dress is remarkable and interesting. She wears a 
sideless cotehardie and mantle. Her head-dressf consists of a 
richly worked caul, spreading out laterally, over which is a veil 
which falls in folds. Out of her mouth issue the words (in Latin), 
" Mother of God, remember me." 

The following is the Latin inscription : — 

Hie iacet Petrus Halle Armig' et Elyzabeth vxor eius hlia dni Willi Waleys 
Militis et diie Margarete vx'is ei' filie dni Johis Seynclere Militis quor' aiabs et 
aiabs filior' et filiar' pdcor petri et Elizabeth pjliciet' de' ame. 

The following is the inscription (in English) : — 
" Here lieth Peter Halle, Knight, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir 
William Waleys, Knight, and Dame Margeret his wife, daughter of Sir John 
Seynclere, Knight, for whose soul and the souls of the sons and daughters of 
the aforesaid Peter and Elizabeth may God be propitiated. Amen. 

The date is circa a.d. 1420.:!: 

IL John Darley (in the chancel). — This is the figure of a 
former Vicar of Heme, in the costume of a Bachelor of Divinity, 
viz., Cassock, Tippet, Hood and Gown, with armholes lined with 
fur. The head has the tonsure. At his feet is a lion, very un- 
common with ecclesiastics, civilians, and ladies. There are only 
two other instances of ecclesiastics, one at Graveney, Kent, the 
other at Childrey, Berks. 

Around the verge of the stone was the following inscription (the 
words wanting are filled in from other sources) : — 

" Here lieth Master John Darley, Bachelor in Sacred Theology, formerly 
vicar, age 81." 

At each corner was an Evangelistic Emblem ; only one now 
remains. 

* The knight's arms inscribed on this brass are also on the font, and are 
there described. They are here impaled with a fess for Waleys and the Sun 
resplendent for Seynclere. 

t Similar to that of the Corbel head in north-eastern angle of baptistery. 
(See plate 2, page 19.) 

X Vide Waller, Part VH. Boutell, p. 62. 



38 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

The Epitaph, in quaint Latin verse, runs as follows 

" Siste gradum, videas corpus jacet ecce Johannis 
Darley, qui multis fuit hie Curatus in annis ; 
Iste pater morum fuit, et flos philosophorum, 
Dux, via, norma grcgis, patrix lux anchora legis ; 
Pagina sacra cui dedit inccptoris iionorem 
Hinc memor est(j tui prccibus sibi dando favorem." 



1 give this inscription in Latin, not only for the benefit 
of scholars, as the verses are very peculiar, but also in 
order to justify the advice given me by two very kind 
friends (W. de Gray Birch and Major Heales), not to 
trust to references, but always to test 
them. In this present instance I find that 
Dr. Buncombe (Vicar of Heme and the 
best historian of the parish) has made no 
less than five mistakes, besides leaving out 
the last line : e.g., for curatus he has 
" miratus " \ for Iste, " lUe " ; for Dux, 
" qui " ; for Norma, " Norina " ; for legis, 
" gregis."* 

But more remarkable still, Mr. George 
Capes, jun., in a very elaborate description 
of the Heme Brasses, apparently follows 
suit, for he makes four out of the five 
same mistakes. He, however, gives the 
last line with two mistakes, viz., for hinc, 
"huic," and for tui, " huic."t 

It is scarcely necessary to remark that, 
misquoting the Latin, Mr. Capes is some- 
what puzzled with the English. 

As the inscription is in Latin verse, Mr. 
Henry Grey (churchwarden) has kindly 
translated it into English verse. 

•' Stay, see John Barley's body lieth here, 
Curate he was of Heme for many a year ; 
Of morals, law, philosophy the pride. 
His people's teacher, rule of life, and guide ; 
His honoured task t'unfold the sacred scroll ; 
Think of thy sins in praying for his soul." 

Messrs. Waller assign a.d. i 480 as the date of this brass ; Haines 




Brass II. — ^john darley. 



Bib. Top. Brit, xviii. 



tBrit. Arch. Ass. Journal, xii. 80. 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 



39 



(in my opinion with greater accuracy) about 1450. John Darley 
was collated on May 5th, 1432, by Archbishop Chichele * ; and 
on August 1 2th, 1446 (when his successor, John Bedale, was 
collated), a pension of ^10 a year for life from the proceeds 
of the benefice was settled upon John Darley,t who then 
resigned. 

III. Christina Phelip (or Philip), (in the North Chantry 
Chapel). — This is what is called a Goldsmith's Brass, i.e., according 

to Haines, " of superior work- 
manship and delicate tracery." 
The lady is habited in a very 
long gown, bound with a broad 
band, and open at the breast, 
showing a small portion of the 
bodice, which, according to 
Planch6, was introduced about 
this time.| It is observable 
that the waist is much shorter 
than that worn fifty years be- 
fore by the wife of Sir Peter 
Halle, whose effigy is on the 
first brass. The rosary has no 
cross attached to it. She wears 
the horned, or forked head- 
dress of the previous reign. 
Over the dress is a long 
mantle trimmed with fur, and 
fastened with cords and bands. 
The hands are opened out- 
wards, not joined in prayer, 

j'd!H!r'l{)iTiflli[:-,i) .iw ;:3llE -Biiir iwfiO^iiaH'fflHSin iiiiipan^ as is usual. Above her head, 
H-aiiitofiCiniraiHWMiiqiiitHteiiiniliiiirffliinaiflrHlilirt ,, , :i r c 

IWlbtffftf'feffliff. KM. gilliiii - c::MjFt'qii!i3 : ^fcjinrt-i'fal on a scroll, are the Avords (01 

Brass IIL-cHKisTiNAPHiLn' which those in parentheses are 

wanting) : 

"Have mercy upon me, O God, according to (Thy) great (mercy)." 




There are ancient as well as modern mistakes, 
(great) being spelt " mangnam." 



magnam 



* Chichele Resj. f. 193b. t Staff Reg. f. 90. 

X Hist.^of Brit. Costume (Temp. Edward IV.) 



40 MEMORIALS 01' IIERNE, KENT. 

The following is the Lntin inscription : — 

Orate specialit' p Ala Dfie xpine dudu vxoris Mathci Phelip ciuis et 
Aurifabri ac quonda maioris ciuitatis londin que migrauit ab hac valle miserie 
xxv*" die maii A^ dni millino cccc^lxx^ cuius Aie ppiciet' de' Ame. 

The Inscription (in English) is as follows : — 

"Pray specially for the soul of Christina, formerly the wife of Matthew 
Phelip, citizen and goldsmith, and formerly Mayor of the City of London, who 
migrated from this vale of misery the 25th day of May in the year of our I-ord 
1470, on whose soul may God have mercy. Atnen." 

On a shield are the arms of Philip. Semee of fleurs de lis 
impaled with five lozenges in bend. This brass is of great historic 
interest. 

Sir Mathew Philip (who is also buried here) was, according to 
Stowe,^' the son of Arnold Philip, of Norwich, but I think the 
statement incorrect. Sir Mathew Philip was without doubt a 
very remarkable man. He was in all probability the son of 
William Philip of Heme (died 1458) and to his own son William 
of Heme (upon the death of his third wife, Beatrice) he 
bequeathed his estates in Heme. See Old Wills. 

Weever states that " he was made Knight of the Bath at the 
" Coronation of Elizabeth, wife of Edward the 4th, and, after that, 
" was knighted on the field in 147 1." t 

Other historians furnish us with full particulars, which are very 
interesting, of these two knightings. 

Fabyan tells us that " the nyght before Elizabeth was crowned 
" at Westmynstre with great solempnytie, Matthew Philip and 
"others were than and there [at the Tower] made Knyghtesofthe 
"Bath." + 

Orridge gives us the reason. It was on account of the valiant 
defence made by the citizens of London against the assaults of 
Lord Scales and the bastard Falconbridge.§ 

Metcalfe gives us the exact date and occasion of the second 
knighting (knight Banneret). " It was on the 20th May, 1471, on 
" the King's retourne from the field ofTewkesbury,"|| andStowe,^ 
"the exact place, "one mile without the citie, to wit, between 
" Iseldon " (Islington) "and Sorse-ditch" (Shoreditch). Sir 
Matthew was otherwise eminent in business. He was evidently 
the King's goldsmith ; — e. g. 

* Survey of London, vol. ii., p. 122. f Funeral Monuments, Heme, p. 3. 
X Chronicle, p. 655 \ Citizens and their Rulers, p. 25. 

II " Book of Knights," p. 4. H Annales, p. 698. 






THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 



41 



" On the 30th January, 1448, there was a warrant (Henry VI.) 
"to John Merston, Treasurer of Chamber and Keeper of Jewels, 
'■to deliver to John Paddesly and Matthew Phelip, goldsmiths, 
" as pledges for ;^3,i5o, due to them for jewels," the following : — 

(Here follows a full description of the articles of plate, amongst 
which is) — " Unum spyce plate auri coopertum cum petris et 
"perulis garnizatum vocatum le riche spyce plate." 

And another: — "Unum discum magnum eleemosynarum, de 
" Argento et de aurato factum ad modum cujusdam navis cum 
" hominibus ad arma circumstantibus, ponderantia, de pondere 
"Trojani, sexaginta et septem libras et novem uncias."* 

There is also another warrant : — 

" 15th September, 1455, the King (Henry VI.) paid Matthew 
" Philip, Citizen and Goldsmith of London, in part payment for 
•'the garter of gold garnissed withe stones and pearls (Order of 
" the Garter) for the King of Portugal."! 

Chaffers states that " Sir Matthew Philip was Mayor of London 
" in 1463-4, Warden of the Goldsmiths' Company in i474) ^"d 
" that he subscribed 6s. 8d. towards St. Dunstan's feast, which 
" amounted altogether to £,1^ 5s. 2d.":I: 

IV. Elizabeth Fyneux. 
—(This is also a gold- 
smith's brass, in the Chan- 
cel). The lady is habited 
in a low dress with slashed 
sleeves, bound round the 
waist with a broad girdle, 
in the centre of which is a 
large ornament, aiid, pen- 
dant,(the pomander). From 
the waist the gown is open 
showing the petticoat or 
kirtle; above the dress is 
seen the habit shirt, which 
was introduced in this 
Brass IV.-elizabeth, ladv iyneux. reign. Her dress is beauti- 

* Hardy's Syllabus of Rymer's Fcedera, vol ii., 678. ,, 

t " Chronicles and Memorials of Great Britain during the Middle Ages, 
xxii. Part ii., 504-5. 

X Gilda Aurifabrorum, p. 57. 




42 



MEMORIALS OF II ERNE, KENT. 



fully embroidered. The cap is very plain, and has somewhat the 
appearance of a widow's cap of our own times. From the in- 
scription it would also appear that this lady was a widow.* The 
inscription, which is very remarkable, is as follows : — 

" The xxij daye of the moneth august e/the yere after the Incarnacyon 
Of owr lord god to reken Juste/A thowsand fiue hundreth forty saue one 
Dyed this lady whych vnder thys stone/lyeth here buryed Elyzabeth by name 
The wyfe of s' John ffyneux late gone/The whych in thys world had eu'' good 
P'amWhosesollIp''yeJhu throwghhys grace/In heuenmayehauearestyng place.'' 

She was the daughter of Sir William Apuldrefield, of Lynsted, 
Kent, and, being the only child, brought large possessions to her 
husband. (See Old Wills.) 

Sir John Fineux was Chief Justice of the Court of King's 
Bench (Hen. VII. and Hen. VHI.). He died 1525. (See Old 
Wills.) 

They had two daughters, Jane, who married John Roper,t of 
Eltham ; and Mildred, who married James Diggs, of Barham. 

V. John Sea and 
his two wives (in the 
Chantry Chapel). — 
John Sea, oratte Sea, 
belonged to a very 
ancient family which 
for many years were 
possessors of the 
manor of At Sea (or 
Strode), which at one 
time included the 
manor of Under- 
down, where he died. 
The following is the 
inscription : — 

" Here lieth interred 
John Sea of Underdown 
in the parish of Heme, 
Esquire, who tooke to 
wife Martha Hamond 
Brass V.— john sea and his wives. daughter of Tho Ham, of 




* HtB>ffiES(^'SpVHO TOOK 
tERnrTH&lH'AM;oV5'AL-KANjiNTtj5TKt.t>ri 
■L«.sVtv[:'s'6NNES&,i[).D\vcHTEris:8;:jtFT.r.i!"i 
;SARX B0« EL.DIST DWCHT El'";v"NtO 

Ci^I^iWHOmt JtADjwS,SONNi».ur.r.,u«.j >f.'i --I.' '■.■'>f« 
^*^aMBa IN PE»E;OBi|T ;M EEBRV/fRlJjVNSOBNf j6qf ,'"\ l?*'- 






* In "Kent Fines," 26 Hen. VHI. (1535), mention is made of "Lady 
Elizabeth Fenyeux, of Heme," evidently the same person. 
t His great grandson was created Baron Teynham in 16 16. 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 43 

St. Alban's in East Kent Esquire, by whom he had issue 6 sonnes and 3 
daughters ; after her decease he married Sara Boys, eldest daughter unto 
Thomas Boys of Barfreston, gent, by whom he had one sonne, and one 
daughter and lived and died in peace. Obiit 23rd February 1604." 

Four shields occupy the corners of the stone, i. The Arms of 
Sea, a fish hauriant between flanches, charged with bars nebulae, 
impaled with those of Hamond, on a chevron between three 
rondels, each charged with a martlet, as many escallop shells 
within a bordure engrailed. 2. Missing. 3. Arms of Sea impaled 
with a griffin rampant within a bordure, for Boys. 4. Same as i . 

The visitor cannot fail to notice the exact identity, line for 
line, in the stiff formal dresses of the ladies, which, compared 
with the elaborate costumes of those of the preceding, are very 
uninteresting. 

Mr. Capes, to judge by his humorous description, seems to 
have been particularly struck with this fact. 

" It would appear," says he, that " the second wife (to use 
"a familiar expression) not only stepped into the first wife's shoes, 
" but, being probably of an economical turn, might have appro- 
" priated to her own use the entire wardrobe of the deceased 
" partner of her husband's affections."* 

The following have Inscriptions only : 

VI. William Bysmare (in North Chantry Chapel, not fixed, 
lately recovered). 

"Here lieth William Bysmare, formerly citizen and goldsmith of London, 
who died a.d. 1456, and Elizabeth, Agnes, and Margaret, his wives." 

VII. Antony Loverick and Wife (in North Chantry Chapel). 
*' Here lies Antony Loverick and Constantia his wife, who died ip October, 

IS" ' 

His arms (almost obliterated), three leopards' heads, are carved 

on one of the shields of the Font. 

VIII. John Fyneux (in North Chantry Chapel, not fixed). This 
is the brass fortunately recovered. (See p. 33.) 

" Here lieth John Fyneux late of this Pish of Hearne Esquierand Margaret 
his wife Daughter of Thomas Mor(ley) sometyme of Glyne in the Countie of 
Sussex Esquier w*^** Margaret deceassed the nynth day of December 1591! and 

* Journal of Brit. Arch. Ass. — XIL So. 
t This lady in the register is buried the same day. 



44 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

in the fewer and thirtith yere of the reigne of our sovaigne Ladie Queene Eliz. ; 
and the said John Fyneux departed this life y'' last day of July following 1592 
in the said xxxiiii^*^ yere of the Queene's matie leaving Behind them one only 
daughter and heir named Elizabeth who maried John Smith Esquier sone and 
heir of Thomas Smith late of Ostenhanger in this countie of Kente." 

IX. At the foot of the Benefaction Tables in the South 
Chantry Chapel is a small Brass with the following curious Inscrip- 
tion : — 

'' Hie chorus indecorus fuerat, nunc valde decorus, 
An dicas istum qui decoravit eum." 

Thus freely translated by Mr. Henry Grey (churchwarden) : — 

" Here a bad choir was once, but now a good one, 
One would not call the change a bad one, would one." 

Before quitting this subject, let me direct the attention of the 
visitor to two other objects of interest in the churchyard. 

One, the oldest gravestone known, opposite the centre buttress 
of North Chantry Chapel. It is marked Sit arid bears the date of 
1652. 

The other, the gravestone of John Fergusson Moultrie (against 
the West Railings, towards the South), on which are inscribed the 
following beautiful lines, by the Rev. John Moultrie, late vicar 
of Rugby. I give them because the late Dean of Westminster 
told me he thought no history of Heme Church would be complete 
without them. 

" Sweet babe, from griefs and dangers 
Rest here, for ever free ; 
We leave thy dust to strangers, 
But, oh, we leave not thee ! 

" Thy mortal sweetness, smitten 
To scourge our souls from sin, 
Is on our memory written, 
And treasured deep within ; 

" While that which is immortal 
Fond hope doth still retain ; 
' And saith, ' At heaven's bright portal 

Ye all shall meet again.' " 



THE CHURCH OF HERNE. 45 

Brief Account of 5t. iilartin, 

St. Martin, Bishop of Tours, was born a.d. 320, at Sabaria, in 
Pannonia (Steinamargen), His father and mother were heathens ; 
he was at first a Roman soldier when fifteen years of age, and bap- 
tised at eighteen. His corps was situated at Ambianum (Amiens). 
The legend runs that on one bitter winter day, as he was 
passing the gate of the city, he saw a poor beggar nearly naked, 
so utterly ragged were his clothes ; Martin, filled with pity, cut his 
mantle in two and gave half to the beggar. Next night as he 
slept, he saw Jesus Christ seated on His throne surrounded by 
the host of Heaven, wearing the half mantle of Martin over His 
shoulders. " See," he heard the Saviour say, " this is the mantle 
which Martin, yet a catechumen, gave Me." 

In A.D. 358, in the midst of the war with the Franks and 
AUemanni, when the Emperor Julian was at Worms, Martin (then 
a tribune) made an untimely claim to be released from military 
duty. JuUan was indignant, a battle being imminent, and he 
scornfully refused the petition, saying Martin was a coward. The 
young tribune answered : " Put me in the fore-front of the army, 
without weapons or armour, but I will not draw sword again, I am 
become the soldier of Christ." He was immediately put in irons, 
but was afterwards released. On leaving the army Martin went 
to Poictiers, and put himself under Hilary, who afterwards 
ordained him an exorcist. 

In A.D. 371 he became Bishop of Tours, but remained a monk, 
living in a cell. Being wearied with the number of visitors 
attracted by his sanctity, he removed to the place where after- 
wards stood the Abbey of Marmontier, on the Loire. He had 
eighty disciples, who dressed in skins, ate but once a day, and 
drank no wine. 

When at the end of his career (eighty years of age) and eager to 
receive his celestial reward, he yielded to the tears of his disciples 
and consented to ask from God the prolongation of his days, 
" Lord," said he, " if I am still necessary to Thy people, I will not 
draw back from the work," "Z>(?;///«^ non recuso laborefu." Noble 
words ! — words which ought to be the motto of every Christian. 

He died November 9th, a.d. 401. 

In Art, St. Martin is represented as a young Tribune on horse- 
back, dividing his cloak and giving half to a beggar. 



^M 






K 



CHAPTER IV. 



Uicars of ^crne anlr Cfjantrs priests. 



VICARS OF HERNE. 



I32I 






1350 






1357 






1376 July 9th 


"( 


Oct. 


28th 


} 


Oct. 


28th 



Reynolds, f. 29. 
Islip, f. 255a. 
Ibid. f. 279a. 

Sudbury, f. 114a. 
Ibid. f. 119a. 

„ f. 119a. 



App'^fntnlt. ^^^---- ^^S'^*-- 

13 10 Hugh de Godynestre Winchelsey, f. 30. 

This Vicar is named in the endowment, but it is not certain that 
he was collated. 

Henry Rouhall 

Richard Medebourne 

William Kac, or Koc 

John Hawe 

Nicholas de Farneham 

Roger Sutton, by exchange 
with Farneham 

John Chert, by exchange 
with Sutton 

William Graunt, by exchange Bouchier and 
with Chert Courteney, f. 216b. 

William Gosse Courteney in Morton Dene. 

Henry Basset Chicheley, p. i, f. 194a. 

John Darley Ibid. f. 195b. 

II. He resigned in 1446, through age and in- 
firmity, and Archbishop Stafford granted him a pension of ^10 
per annum for life, out of the proceeds of the benefice (Stafford 
Reg. f. 90a). We have here a precedent for retiring pensions. 
1446 John Bedale Stafford, f. 90. 

1464 Christopher Warinyngton (Bouchier, f 89b.) 

Richard Bonaventure 

John Caton Morton, Dene, Bouchier, and 

Courteney, f. 146a. 



Dec. 31st 

1393 
1431 
1432 

See brass No 



1489 



VICARS OF HERNE. 47 

Date of -VT o ■ . 

. . ^ ^ Names. Keirister. 

Appointment. '^ 

15 1 1 Andrew Benstede Warham, f. 342a. 

1 53 1 John Warren Ibid. f. 405b. 

(See Old Wills.) 
1538 Nicholas Ridley Cranmer, 364b. 

The chief interest of Heme, in the minds of most people, 
centres in the person of Bishop Ridley, on account of his learning 
and eloquence, and the prominent part he took in the Reforma- 
•tion, which cost him his life. 

Nicholas Ridley was born at Tyneside, in Northumberland, 
of an ancient family. He entered Pembroke Hall, Cam- 
bridge, in 1 5 18, and afterwards studied at Paris and Louvain. 
His great reputation as a preacher and intimate acquaint- 
ance with the Holy Scriptures and the Fathers, induced 
Archbishop Cranmer to make him his chaplain, and the firm and 
intimate friendship which was then formed between them was 
life-long. 

In 1540 he was made ^Master of Pembroke Hall. 

In 1 541, " Articles were exhibited against him for preaching at 
" Stephens against Auricular Confession, and directing ihtTe Deufii 
" to be sung in English in Heme Church."* 

In 1545 he was appointed Bishop of Rochester, and in 1547, 
Nov. 1 6th, " License was given to Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of 
" Rochester, to hold the Vicarages of Heme (Canterbury), Soham, 
*' Norwich, and also two prebends at Canterbury and Wes't- 
" minster."! 

In 1549, by a Commission consisting of Archbishop Cranmer, 
Bishop Ridley, the Dean of St. Paul's (Dr. May), and two Secre- 
taries of State, Bonner, Bishop of London, was deprived, and 
Bishop Ridley elected in his place, the first three giving sentence 
of deprivation.! 

It is but fair to state that " Bishop Bonner had hitherto complied 
"with the ecclesiastical changes made by Henry VIII. ,"§ and that 
he had not yet committed any of those cruel acts which afterwards 
earned him the name of persecutor. 

On the same day that he was appointed Bishop of London 
(Oct. ist), Bishop Ridley surrendered four valuable manors belong- 

* Chalmer's Biog. Diet., xxvi. 210. + Syll. of Rymer's Foedera, iii. 78. 

X Burnet's Hist, of Ref., vol. ii., p. 220. Blunt's Hist, of Ref., p. 119. 



48 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

ing to that see,* nominally to the King, but in reality to his 
courtiers, Sir Richard Rich (Lord Chancellor), Sir Thomas 
Darcy, and Herbert (Lord Wentworth, K.G., Master of the King's 
horses), by whom the warrant was signed on behalf of the King, 
to zulian, " after the immodest interval of four days, by a second 
" instrument they were re-conveyed. "f 

In 1550, at his visitation. Bishop Ridley issued his Injunctions 
ordering the removal of Stone Altars,!" which order undoubtedly 
paved the way for the removal of church goods and effects 
generally which followed shortly afterwards. § 

In 1553 Bishop Ridley preached before the King (Edward VI.), 
then languishing under decline, on Charity, with such effect that 
those noble institutions, Christ's, St. Bartholomew's, Bridewell, 
and St. Thomas's Hospitals were either founded or incorporated 
anew and endowed. || 

Upon the death of Edward VL, Bishop Ridley joined in the 
futile attempt to set Lady Jane Grey on the throne. Upon the 
same day that the edict went forth from the Council declaring her 
Queen (9th July, 1553), " Preched the Byshoppe of London, 
" Nicolas Reddesle, at Paul's Cross, and there called both the sayo 
" ladys (Mary and Elizabeth) bastarddes that alle the pepull 
" was sore anoyd with his worddes soo uncharytabulle spokyne 
"by hym in so opyne an awdiens."^ 

The attempt being unsuccessful, Bishop Ridley went to Queen 
Mary to do homage and submit himself to her clemency, but 
was committed to the Tower, although treated with less rigour 
than Cranmer and Latimer. After eight months imprisonment 
he was conveyed to Oxford, where, on the ist Octoberj 1555, 
he was condemned for heresy, and on the 15th suffered martyr- 
dom by fire for his opinions, together with Bishop Latimer. His 
farewell address is known to most people who are familiar with 
his history. I give that portion of it relating to Heme. 

* Braintree, South Minster, Stepney, and Hackney. The warrant is 
ominously hea(led, "The late possessions of the Busshopricke of London." — 
Public Rec. Office, Augmentation, Deeds of Purchase and Exchange, G. 25. 

t Dixon's Church of England, Vol. III., pp. 197-8. 

X Brit. Mus. t. 775-11- 

^ " In the beginning of May was tane owt of all the churches of London 
and aboute (all the) platte and qwyne (coin) that was in theyr boxys in every 
church for the Kinge's grace ? and vestments and copes, wyche drew untu 
a grett substans besyde the coyne." — NichoU's Grey Friars Chron. p. 77. 

If Chalmer's Biograph. Die. xxxvi., p. 217. 

H Grey Friars Chron. (Nichols), p. 78. 



VICARS OF HERNE. 49 

" From Cambridge I was called into Kent by the Archbishop of 
" Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, that most reverend father and 
" man of God, and of him by and by sent to be Vicar of Heme, 
"in East Kent. Wherefore, farewell Heme, thou worshipful and 
" wealthy parish, the first cure whereunto I was called to minister 
" God's Word. Thou hast heard of my mouth oftentimes the 
"Word of God preached, not after the Popish trade but after 
" the Christ's Gospel. Oh, that the fruit had answered to the 
" seed ! And yet I must acknowledge thee to be my debtor for 
'^the doctrine of the Lord's Supper, which I acknowledge at that 
" time God had not revealed unto me. But I bless God in all that 
" Godly virtue and zeal of God's Word, which the Lord, by 
"preaching of His Word, did kindle manifestly both in the 
" heart and in the life and works of that godly woman there, my 
" Lady Fiennes.* The Lord grant that His Word took like 
" effect there in many other more."t 

In reading the different accounts of Bishop Ridley, it is very 
difficult to arrive at a just conclusion. The rancour of religious 
prejudice is so great that people of note are, for the most part, 
depicted by historians either as angels or devils. The judgment 
thus formed is by no means fixed or lasting, and it is not at all an 
uncommon thing for the verdict of one age to be reversed by 
another. But "at length," as the late Dean Stanley remarks, 
when describing a character which fully corroborates this state- 
ment (Becket), " the pendulum which has been violently swung to 
and fro, settles into its proper place."J On the one hand, it is 
impossible to justify acts which were undoubtedly unlawful and 
unjust. On the other, we ought to make due allowance for the 
times in which Bishop Ridley lived, and for the indisputable 
sincerity of his convictions with regard to the Reformed Church, 
the fate of which was at that time trembling in the balance. 

Let us judge Bishop Ridley neither as an angel nor a devil, but 
as a man. Let us judge him as we ourselves would be judged, 
with "charity " which " is kind " — and which " thinketh no evil." 

Date of ,T T> • .. 

. - . , Names. Register. 

Appointment. ^ 

1549 Thomas Broke .. ... Cranmer, f. 410. 

1562 Thomas Brydges ... ... Parker, 358b. 

* Fyneux, See Brass IV., and Old Wills. t Bib. Top. Brii. xviii. 109. 
X Memorials of Canterbury, p. 39. 



50 



MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 



Date of 
Appointment 


Names. 


Register. 


1590 




Richard Colfe 


Whittift, f. 488b. 


1613 




Isaac Colfe... 


Abbot, f. 396b. 


1616 




Jacob Colfe 


Ibid. f. 420. 


1617 




Thomas Harward ... 


Ibid. f. 429 b. 


1620 




Alexander Chapman 


Ibid. p. II, f. 326a. 


1629 




Francis Ketelby 


Ibid. p. Ill, f. 185a, 


1634 




John Reader 
John Webb 


Laud, p. I, f. 310a. 


1689 




William Foche 


Bancroft, f. 41b. 


He 


was 


appointed during Sancroft's 


suspension and is buried 


in the North Chantry Chapel. 




1713 




John Ramsey 


Tenison,p. ii,f.2i9a. 


1724 




Henry Archer 


Wake, p. I, f. 333a. 


1726 




William Squire 


Ibid. p. II, f. 235a. 


1739 




Robert Gascoyne ... 


Potter, f. 267a. 


1752 




Henry Hall 


Herring, f. 294b. 


1756 




William Rogers 


Ibid. 


1773 




John Buncombe 


Cornwallis. 



Dr. Buncombe was a very learned man and author of several 
works, amongst them a " History of Heme and Reculver." He 
was a great Pluralist, being not only Vicar of Heme, but also 
Rector of St. Andrew's and St. Mary Bredman's, Canterbury, 
Master of Harbledown and St. John's Hospitals, and one of the 
Six Preachers in the Cathedral. 

Joseph Price ... ... Moore. 



17SO 
1794 
1831 
1866 



John Wood... ... ... „ 

James Six May ... ... Howley. 

James Robert Buchanan ... Longley. 



CHANTRY PRIESTS. 

There was a chantry founded in this church in honour of the 
Virgin Mary, by Thomas Newe, CI., sometime Vicar of Reculver, 
to provide for the perpetual celebration of the Mass.* This 
foundation, like many others of the same nature, was suppressed 
in the 2nd year of Edward VI., the revenues of it being at that 



Hasted, vol, iii., 623. 



MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 



51 



time of the yearly value of ^6 5s. id., and sold by the King's 
Commissioners to William Twysden and John Brown.* 



Date of 
Appointment. 

1354 

1377 



Register. 
Islip, f. 104a. 



Names. 

William Burke 
John Kyngg, on the resigna- 
tion of Burke 
13S5 Nich Crek, presb. 

John Robyn 
1440 Thomas Curteyse, on the 

resignation of Robyn 
1460 Richard Wyreham ... 

14S9 John Caton, on the resigna- 

tion of Wyreham 
Richard ap Gryffythe 
1506 Will Mychill, on the resig- 

nation of Gryffythe ... Warham f. 328b. 

* Survey and Sale of Chantry Lands, in Augmentation Office. 



Sudbury, f. 


123b. 


Courtney, f. 


259a. 


Stafford, f. 


76b. 


Bouchier, f. 


78a. 


Morton. 




Warham. 






E •:. 



CHAPTER V. 

,!^HE Parish Registers commence November 1558, the first year 
'i^ of Queen Elizabeth. The early portions are beautifully 
written, and are transcriptions on parchment, according to the 
stringent mandate to that effect, ordered in 1597. 

The following are very curious : — 
1564. Joane Nottyngha buryed 16 ejusdem (July) dead in travell 
and her child. 

1564. Valentyne Church a woeman baptized and buryed at home 
26 ejusdem (December). 

1565. John Jarvys had two women children twynes baptized at 
home joyned togeather in the belly and havynge each the 
one of theyr armes lyinge at one of theyr owne shoulders 
and in all other pts well pportioned chilldren buryed 
Auguste 29. 

1565. Robert Nicholson maryner and forayner buryed 23 ejusdem 
(January) this Robert lay in John Dodd's house from 
Wednes Day untill Sunday w*''out any succour. 

1566. Stephanus Sawyer vir pise memoriae annos natus 92 martii 
30 vita sua finiit cu 30 annos continuos pura chi religione 
contra Romanam tyrannidem professus fuisset. 

1567. Ould Arnold a chrysomer* buryed 8 ejusdem (February). 
(See also Tithes and Fees, p. 59.) 

1567. Wyllyam Lawson had an infant christyand by the woemen 
buryed 21 ejusdem (Martii). 

* Mr. William Boys, F.S. A., of Sandwich (a well known writer), thought 
chrysomer meant an unbaptized child — Rev. Samuel Deane thought it meant a 
christened child that died within the month. — Bib. Top. Brit., xviii., 186-7. 
The chrysom was the white cloth put on the new baptized child. — Johnson's 
Canons of Eccles. Law, 1720. 



PARISH REGISTERS. 53 

1567. Richard ffowler a walkynge man buryed 25 ejusdem (April). 

1568. A walkynge woeman buryed 27 Martii. 

1572. A wayfayringe woeman delivered in the fieldes by the buttes 
and harboured in Barbonnes Wydowes house whose childe 
was baptized Septembris 14 and called Marke. 

1573. Thomas an infant fathered upon Mason the butcher the 
mother's confessyon in her travayle baptized Augusti 24. 

1576. Randall Wood puer laqueo se ipsa strangulans buryed 
Novembris 20. 

1577. Clement Austen smitten with thund' and blasted with 
lightninge in his house whereof he dyed ymmediately buryed 
Augusti 3. 

1577. John ffrench a straung'' by misfortune killed with a gunn 
in the Westbleane buryed Novembris 4. 

1589. Robert Ball the miller taken away in thund' buryed 16 July. 

1590, John Ewell an excomunicate pson buryed 28 ejusdem 
(February). 

1596. Mother AUyn wid. 100 years buryed July 2. 

1597. ffortune a bastard the daughter of the Wid Attyoe be- 
gotten by Willyam Twyman of Byrchington in the yie of 
Thanett baptized Marty 19. 

1 60 1. Stephen Crump clerk of this pish drowned in a dyke 
betwene Broad Oke and Cant''bury the 21 of Aprill and 
buryed here at Heme Aprill 2 2''. 

1 60 1. Willyam Tailor a boy of Robert Stacy musityon of Canter- 
bury who came unto this pysh to play at a dauncing on a 
Sabaoth day here sickned and dyed the day followinge 
buryed July 27. 

1609. Mychaell filius Johannis Hunt curati natus die Sabbati 
January 27 circa hora nona ante meridiana {sic) 1609 
baptizatus die solis February quarto. 

1697. A waygoing man whose name I knew not buryed Mar^ 

20'"- 

1704. Elizabeth daughter of William Foche vicar Elizabeth his 

wife born and baptized Nov j. 1 7*"- 

I had another daughter of this name 1 1 years. 
1706. Mary son {sic) of Henry Skinner by its mother the Widow 

Rowe confession bapt Ap : y 21'' 
171 1. Frances daughter of Isaiah Lee by Dinah his wife, being y*" 

child of a waygoing woman, was for want of Godfathers, and 



54 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

Godmothers, being almost at y*" point of death as it seemed to 
me, baptized w"'in my house vv"' private baptism Oct 5*''' 
171 1. Frances (daughter of Isaiah Lee) travellor Bur. Oct 7'"' 



EXTRACTS FROM CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS. 



1370. The Account of John Poring (?), Chapman, now Keeper 
of the Goods of Heme Church in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand three hundred and seventy from the 
feast of St. Michael the Archangel to the same feast 
(following). 

Arrears. — He accounts for 100 shillings and ten pence 

halfpenny of arrears. 
Rents of Assize. — Also he is answerable for fifteen 
shillings and sixpence halfpenny for Michaelmass, of 
the rents (due) at that term. And for nineteen pence 
halfpenny of the rents due at the feast of Our Lord's 
Nativity. And for fifteen shillings and eight of rent 
due at the feast of Easter. And for eighteen pence of 
rent due at the feast of S. John Baptist. 
Sttm. — Thirty four shillings and four pence, 

&c. &c. &c. 

1550. It. of Henry Oxenden Gent for his farme of six acres of 
lande as is aforesaid ... ... ... ... vi' 

,, It. paide for iij hunderd of leade nayles at iv*^ the 

hundered ... ... ... ... ... xii** 

1656. Aug. 28. Item, to John King about his good- 
wife ... ... ... ... 00 I I o 

„ to ffork her out of prisson 1 ... 00 10 o 
1702. May 29. P*^ for three Roag Hoges (Hedgehogs) 00 i o 
1705. Ap" 23. Given to famelys that were driven 
from House and habitation by y*" 
sea ... ... ... ... ... 00 2 o 

1704. Mar. 25. For 2 PouUcatts (Polecats) and 3 

Hedghoggs ... ... ... 00 2 o 

„ „ Given to Travellers taken by the 

French ... ... ... ... 00 i 6 

„ „ Given to the Ringers on the Day of 

Ringing for the Great Victory ... 00 6 o 
1706 17 day For Writing in the Register, p*^ Oath 
of Aprill. and to Mr. Lock for his Dinnor and 

keeping y*" Rigister ... ... 00 10 o 



OI 


9 


oo 


6 


oo 


lO 


oo 


5 




6 



PARISH REGISTERS. 55 

1706 17 day Spent at ye Vizitation. P"* at y*" 
of April. Parambleation. P'' for ringing and 

other small things... ... ... 03 9 o 

„ ,. P'' for 2 foxe's heads. P'^ 10 Dussun 

of Sparrows' Heads. P" 6 bottells 
of Wine for y^ Communion 

„ „ P'' for buring of 3 men by the Sea 

Side 

„ ., P* To Bushell his yeare's Dogwhip- 
Ping 

„ ,, P'^ To the Owld Churchwarden, that 

were out of yure sight at y^ Parish 
Meeting ... 

and 3 dusson of Sparrows heads ... 

1707. May 22. P'* to gode wofe when hir husband 

was gone ... ... ... ... 16 

„ „ Memorandum that the Churchwardens 

£ s d 

of Hearn pay the sum of 00. 05. o. 
to Church- warden of Reculver with- 
in the " No'^th Po^rch " of the said 
Church every Whitsun Munday. 

1708. Ap. 20. Paid Mrs. Stevens for ile (oil) and half 

a bushel of Coles ... ... ... 00 00 io| 

1710. May 10. Paid for several dousson of Sparrows, 

Four hedg Hoggs .. . 
1720. Sept. 30. Gave a travelling woman, big with 

child, to depart y^ place ... 
,, „ Tho' Tanner for 2 doz sparrowes ... 

„ ,, Paid Jo" Smith y^ dog Whipper, his 

half yeares Wagges ... ... 00 05 o 

„ „ Wiir Rothop for Drink for y^ Ringers • 

had on Coronation Day ... 
„ ,, For a form of Prayer for y" fast day 

„ ,, P"* to Richard Mather for catching 

a fox 

,, ,, Gave three Travellers in want 

„ ,, Gave to Company of Slaves 

„ ,, P^for I Graye's Head (Badger)... 

„ „ Gave 2 aged Slaves ... 

» „ Paid for 3 hegg hogs 

„ ,, Gave Ringers for Gunpowder Trea- 
son ... ... ... ... ... 00 05 o 



00 


04 


03 


00 


01 





00 


00 


4. 



00 


05 





00 


01 


6 


00 


00 


6 


00 


00 


6 


00 


00 


5 


00 


02 





00 


02 





00 


01 






56 



yiEMORIALS OF JIERNE, KENT. 



1720. Sept. 30, 



May 



1727. May 26. 



Oct. 16. 
April I. 



1721. 



00 


04 





07 


"> 


6 


00 


05 





00 


03 





00 


05 





00 


05 





00 


06 





01 


00 


06 


00 


10 


00 


00 


02 


00 


00 


04 


00 



P** Richard Mather, his wife, for a fox 
h" & a Grays h'' 

Smuggler's Money. Totall ... 

P'' Contribution money at Reculver... 

Spent there ... 

Gave to 13 men Turkey Slaves 

P** to Reculver Churchwardens 

Spent at the same time 

Gave the Ringers at Proclaiming the 
King 

Gave the Ringers at the Coronation 

Paid Jaurice Dadsman for a Bagor's 

(Badger's) head. ... 
P*^ Fran* Young for burying two men 
taken up by the sea 

Spent at y*^ bounds of the Parish 
For carrying a poor Rashed Travailor 
in my cart to y*" Pox (Small Pox) 
Officer, viz., to Mr. Ewells 2*, 
and I* I gave her to gett up my 
cart... 

" Form of the Receit for the payment of the five shillings at 
" Reculver on Whitson Munday is as followeth : " 

"May y^ 28, 1705. Received then of John Kemp and 
" Edward Webb, Churchwardens of the Parish of Hearne y" sume 
" of five shillings which by an antient composition is yearely pay- 
" able by y* Churchwardens of Heme above p*^ to y"^ Church- 
" wardens of Reculver upon this day being Munday in Whitson 
" Weeke. Received in full for y" a bove said composition. 

"/; s. d. by us T O i Church 

"0^0 R \V Wardens:' 



03 03 



00 03 00 





CHAPTER YI. 

a I letter written by the Rev. John Hunte, curate of Heme, 
3 dated August loth, 162 1, showing "the manner of paying 
" the small tithes, and certain customs with regard to " church 
fees," is very interesting and amusing.* 

Mr. Hunte declares this to be " the ancient custom beyond 
" the memory of man." He had the books of Mr. Brydges 
(Vicar 1562), who had them of Mr. Johnson (1549). This letter 
throws light upon the words or the original Institution of the 
Vicarage."t The vicar shall have tenths of hay, flax, wool, milk, 
honey, lambs, produce of gardens and meadows.". . . " Omnes que 
" minutas decimas qute ad altaragium spectare dicuntur,:]: i.e., 
" and all the small tithes which are said to belong to the altar." 

// . 2'^- for the milk of every cowe. 

//. The calfe, if it be sold, the vicar's due is the tenth penny ;. as, 
if it be sold for lo*' the vicar hath out of that due to him 
1 2*^- If the owner of the calfe kill it in his house, the vicar 
hath due the left shoulder thereof. 

//. For every 1 2 monthling bullocke, be it either heifor or steere, 
i''- to be paid at Easter ; for every two yearing, 2*^ ; for every 
three yearing, 3''-, if the heifore be not with calfe, for in this 
case shee is titheable as a cowe ; and if the steere hath 
usually wrought, he is thereby freed ; the like manner is 
observed for coultes. 

//. Wooll is due the tenth pound, or tenth quarter. 



* Lambeth Library, MS. Lewis, p. 226. 

t Reg. Winchelsea, f. 30 Lambeth Lil). 

I " The word ' altaragium ' signifies all tithes otTerings belonging to the 
minister for officiating at the altar, and comprehends every titheable matter 
not expressly mentioned in the endowment." — Rateman on Agistment Tithes. 



58 MEMORIALS OF BERNE, KENT. 

It. Grasse hath usually been taken in grasse cockes, unlesse in 

curtesse the parishioners will make it good. 
//. Hempe, the tenth shote of thistle and seed hempc immediately 

when it is drawn. 
//. Of bees, the tenth measure of honey, and the tenth quantity 

of wax. 
Ji. Eggs, as the vicar and parishioners can agree, but if he will 

have eggs (the antient custom, as hath been reported), two 

eggs for every hen, and three for every cocke. The like for 

ducks and drakes. 
//. Geese and turkeys are to be taken for tith at such times as they 

may be made fitt for food. 
//. In gardens, onions, rootes, artichokes, and such, are paid the 

tenth, or tenth measure ; but for herebes and flowers, as the 

vicar and parishioners can agree, 3'*' 4'' or 6'^- for the whole 

yeare (payed usually at Easter). 
It. Ffruits (as apples, pears, nutts, wardens, (walnuts ?) plumes, 

&c.), the tenth measure as they are gathered. 
It. Out of dove houses the tenth pigeon. 
//. For titheing of every deepware (fishery) 2"- ; of every landware, 

I2'*- For theyr mullet netts I have compounded (and others 

before me) for 3' 4*^- sometimes 5'- sometimes VI"- 8'' for the 

year-* 
//. Tith of mill according to ancient custome is due to the 

vicar. The Finneauxes themselves who were farmers to the 

personage yet they have paid a composition to the vicar in 

particular. 



FEES. 

//. For a marriage cum licentia 2"- 6, sine licentiii 18' for a 
certificate of the banns ijs, (but the ancient duty was but i' vi., 
accordinge to the proverbef "the price of a goose.") 

//. For a chrystning at the mother's churchinge, if the childe then 
be living, half an ell of linen cloth ; and a penny if the child 

* This is very interesting, and throws light upon a statement which Leiand 
makes, " Yt (Heron) stondeth dim 2 myle fro the mayne shore, and ther is 
good pitching of nettes for mullettes." — Itin. vol. vii., p. 144. 

t " The price of a wife is the price of a goose." 



TITHES AND FEES. 



59 



// 



be departed ; i*^- only at the mother's comeing to give thanks 
But the antient duty for chrystning was a crysome (or the 
face cloth that covered the child at its baptisme), if it lived : 
but, if the child died, the minister was to have ij. for the 
baptizing, and was to loose the face cloth (for that was 
to wind the child in). 
For burialls nothing. 




CHAPTER VII. 

mti muK 

Robert Somersal, 1541. 
Robert Somersal by his Will (Consistorial Court of Canterbury, 
1541 ) directed " his body to be buried in the Parish Church of St. 
Martin Heme, next the sepulchre of John Maycott, being before 
John's Altar in the said Church." He gave "towards the 
buying of a Canopy, to bear over the Sacrament going a pro- 
cession, 20 shillings," and " towards the Cloth to lay over the 
Brides when they are married, 40 shillings." " To Sir William 
Michell Janntire (Chantry) Priest of Heme, 20 shillings." He 
appointed William Fyneux Esq., and William Oxenden Gentle""^" 
Executors, and Lady Fyneux overseers, of his Will. 

John Younge, 145S. 
John Younge of Heme by his Will (Consistorial Court, Can- 
terbury, 1458) directed his " body to be buried at Heme," and 
"gave twelve pence to the High Altar of the Church," and " 10 
marks towards making the seats called pwynge." 

Thomas Bysmer, 1466. 
Thomas Bysmer of Heme by his Will (Consistorial Court, Canter- 
bury, 1466) directed his " body to be buried at Heme," and gave 
" 8d. to the High Altar of the Church," " 26s. 8d. for one Peace- 
Kiss of Silver, for the use of the Church on high days," and 
13s. 4d. for a pyx to place the Sacrament on the Altar." 

William Philip, 1458. 
William Philip of Heme, by his Will (Consistorial Court, 
Canterbury 1458) directed his " body to be buried in the Chapel 
of St. John the Baptist Heme," and left " 3s. 4d. to each of the 
Parishes of Heme, Swalecliffe, and Whitstable." 



OLD wills;. 61 

Sir Matthew Philip, 1475. 

Sir Matthew "Philip,* by his will (Prerogative Court, London, 
1475), directed his body to be buried in the church of St. Vedast, 
London, "that is, to witt, under the tomb there where as the body 
of Joan my wife lyeth buried, if it happen me to deceass in 
London." He died at Heme, and is buried in the same vault as 
his wife, Christine. 

Among the bequests made is one " to the Wardens and Conaltie 
of the said Crafte of Goldsmythes for poor Almss people of the 
salde Crafte, ;^io." 

And another of "33s. 4d. to the same crafte for an Obite or 
Anniversary to be kept yerely for evermore in the Church of Saint 
Vedast upon the day in which it shall fortune me to deceass, 
solemnly by note, for my soule, and for the soule of Joan, late my 
wife, and for all Christian Soules, one placebo and dirige on the 
Even, and Masse of requiem on the Morrow." 

// would appear, from the words which follow, that the C07ivi- 
viality tvhich characterises the City Guilds is of very ancient date. 

" And I woUe that, at the saide yerely Obite, there be spente and 
paide, of the fore saide, 33s. 4d., in a potacion, or recreacion, to 
be made at Goldesmythe's Hall of London, for the Wardens, and 
men of the Lyvery of the same Crafte and for priestes, clerkes, of 
the saide Pish, such as will cum to the saide Obite and potacion 
in the saide Hall, 13s. 4d." 

Sir Matthew died possessed of the Manors of "Hawe" and 
'• Underdowne" (Heme), which he left in trust to John Younge, 
Knight, Citizen and Alderman of London, Master John Tapton, 
Clerk, William Hussey, Esq., Thomas Frowyk, Esq., Robert Martyn, 
" Esq., John Roper, Esq., Roger Brent, and John Andrews, for his 
wife {third wife) Beatrice, and at her death, to his son William." 

Sir John Fyneux, 1525-6. 

Sir John Fyneux (Prerogative Court, London, by his will 1525), 
bequeathed " to the Church Works of Hyrne, 100^ . . . and to 
every of the Vicars of Hyrne, Lynsted, and Sainte Dunstan, 40"-, 
to be prayed for." 

" Item. I bequethe to William my sonne my Coler of Golde to 
be delivered to him at his age of 24 . . . " 

*I think, son of the last, William, and not, as Stowe records, "son of 
Arnold Philip, of Norwich." — Survey of London, vol. ii., p. 122. 



62 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

" Iton. I will that my household be kept holy (wholly) an hole 
(whole) yeare next after my death to the intente that my family 
may provide in that meane tyme for theyr further lyving as they 
shall think best ..." 

" Item. I wille my saide wife have two basyns, and two ewers, 
two standyng cuppes, two saltes, and all my spoons, a powder 
box, a boll gilte, a pece of silver covered, and that pece of the 
best, at her own choyse " . . " And I give and bequethe to 
William Fyneux my sonne^, and to every of my daughters nowe 
being on lyve and out of religion, to either of them a basyn and a 
ewer of silver." 

He bequeathed to his wife his Manor of Hawe, and appointed 
the Prior of Christ Church (Sir John Morton), Lady Fyneux, John 
Hales (Baron), James Digge (his brother), and John Colman, 
Executors. 

Rev. John Warren, 1538. 

Rev. John Warren Vicar (Prerogative Court, London, 1538). 
" Yf it shall chaunce me to dye in Heme, then I wille my body 
to be buried without the church porche of the north side of the 
said Parish Churche, as nygh unto the porche as conveniently 
may." 

The very first step from the Porch into the Church is upon a 
very remarkable old coffin-shaped stone ! 

Lady Elizap.eth Fyneux, 1539. 
Lady Elizabeth Fyneux by her Will (Consistorial Court 
of Canterbury, 1539) desired to be buried "in the high 
quyre on the south side of the high altar in the Church 
of Heme," She gave " one hundred marks to be disposed 
of at her burial and for the keeping of the months day in 
masses and money fyninge to poor people and other chari- 
table deeds;'' and "at her twelve months mind twenty marks" 
— " to the poor of the parish of Heme, ^5" — " to the Vicar 
of Heme, Master Nicholas Ridley four marks." "To her son 
William, one of her chalyses, one Mass book, one vestment of 
crymsyn damask whereupon be sette hers and her husbands arms, 
with an altar cloth of crymsyn damask and grene, — 13 silver 
spoons, whereof one beareth the pretense of Christe, and the other 
of the Apostles," — to " Sir Richard Tyndell, her chaplain, the 
feather bed that he lyeth upon with all that belongeth to it, and 



OLD WILLS. 63 

26''- 8^- so that he be continually in her service and with her at the 
time of her decease, or else to have nothing," She appointed as 
her executors " Master John Hales (one of the Barons of the 
King's Exchequer), Henry Hubbert, Esq''' ' and Master James 
Hales." 

Edward Monyngs, i546.'* 
Edward Monyngs (also spelt Monins) of Waldershare by his 
Will (Consistorial Court of Canterbury, 1546) devised to " his Son 
Richard Monyngs, and Katheryne his Wife," his Manor or 
Messuage "called Reggway (now Ridgway) in the Parish of 
Heme, and all other and tenements in the said Parish of Heme." 

William Fyneux, 1557. 
William Fyneux, the Elder, of Heme, Esq. (son and heir of Sir 
John Fyneux, Consistorial Court of Canterbury, 1557), by his Will 
directed " his body to be buried in the next convenient place of 
burial where it should please God he should decease." He gave 
"to the Curate for his painstaking in laying him in the earth 
6'- S**-," and to each of " them who should bear him to his burial 
20'^- To the vicar of Heme if he should die there 6* 8^-, and 
to every clerk there 3'- 4*^ " To his " wife Frydeswide his 
Manor House of House of Hawe. To his son John, his lands in 
the Parishes of Heme, Chislet, Swingfield, AUkham, Lydden, 
Denton and Wootton, and all the ground sometime belonging to 
the Chauntry of Heme." He also gave his lands at " St. Dunstan's, 
Canterbury, Harbledown, Hackington, Sturry, and St, Cosmus 
Blean, to his son Christopher Fyneux." 

Thomas Terrye, 1564. 
Thomas Terrye, of Heme, Husbandman, by his will (Consistorial 
Court of Canterbury, 1564), directed his body to be buried in the 
Churchyard of Heme. He devised his lands in Heme to his son 
John at 21 years of age, and if he should die without heirs of his 
body, then he devised the same to Thomas Arnold of Heme 
fishermen and his heirs, he paying out of the same ;£2> yearly to 
the Churchwardens and four other substantial inhabitants, to be 
distributed by them to the poor people of the Parish. 

John Church, 1571. 
John Church, of Heme, by his Will (Consistorial Court 01 
Canterbury, 1571), directed "his body to be buried in the 

* .See p. II. 



64 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

Churchyard of Heme." He gave " to the poor people of Heme 
two semes of wheat to be distributed amongst ihem to every one 
a bodye so far as it would amount." 

He devised " his lands and houses to his son William in tail and 
the remainder to his Nephew Cieorge in like manner. If both 
died without issue, he gave to the poor folks of Heme one half of 
the profits, and to the Parish Church the other half, to be paid at 
two several times of the year, viz., at Christmas and Easter." 

Richard Terry, 1615. 
Richard Terry, of Heme, Yeoman, by his Will (Consistorial 
Court of Canterbury, 1615), devised " if his two sons John and 
Thomas should die without heirs male, to the Churchwardens and 
Supervisors of the poor of this Parish, an annuity or yearly rent of 
;;^io in fee simple, for ever, issuing out of all the lands and tene- 
ments by him devised — the remainder to John Selby, the son of his 
son-in-law John Selby, his Mansion House, and certain premises 
therein described in Sea Street in Heme, and in the borough of 
Hampton, and his then dwelling-house at Eddington, and the lands 
belonging to it, and his house and lands in the borough of Stroud, 
the one half of zahich he devised towards the reparations of the 
Parish Church, and the other half to the 7-elief of the poor with 
liberty of distrai?iing.^' And he devised " one other Annuity or 
yearly rent of 30s. od. in fee simple for ever to be yearly paid on 
the feast of John the Baptist with liberty of distraining." 

Sir William Sedley, 1617. 

By indenture bearing date 17th September, 1627, between Sir 
John Sedley, Bart., executor of Sir W. Sedley of the first part, 
John Welby of the second part, and Robert Knowler and twelve 
others of the third part, reciting that the said Sir W. Sedley, 
by his Will bearing date 29th October, 161 7, •' directed his execu- 
tors to purchase to the use of the poor of the Parish of Heme an 
annuity of ^3 6s. 8d., and that the said Sir John Sedley, party 
thereof, had in lieu of the said annuity paid ^55 towards the 
purchasing of the lands thereafter mentioned for the use of the 
said poor, the said John Welby in consideration of £64, whereof 
the said ;;^55 was part, and jQg the residue was paid by Robert 
Knowler and other parties of the third part, being part of a legacy 
of ^20, theretofore given by Sir John Smith to the use of the poor 



OLD WILLS. 65 

of the said parish, granted to the parties of the third part and their 
heirs two pieces of land, theretofore one piece, containing by 
estimation lo acres, in Chislet, butting on lands called Spittle 
Land, North, East, and South, and to the highway ^\^est, on trust 
that they and their heirs should see the rents and pro/its yeat'ly be- 
stotved on the poor of the parish, according to the \Vill of the said 
Sir W. Sedley. 

" It appears from Table of Benefactions,//// up before 1791, that 
the lands in Chislet consisted of four closes, ccntaining ()a, ir. 29/. 
(an old map framed in the Vestry corroborates this) with a tene- 
ment and were let at jQi a year."^ — Charity Commissioners^ 
Report, 26th Nov., 1836. 

For particulars of the application of this Charity see Blean 
Union, p. 14, 

George Hawlet, 1625. 
(also Howlet). 

George Hawlet, of Heme, Yeoman, by his Will (Consistorial 
Court of Canterbury), 1625, directed his " body to be buried in 
the Churchyard of Heme near to the grave of his late wife 
Thomasine." He gave " 40 shillings to be distributed amongst 
the poor of Heme by the Churchwardens on the day of his 
burial, and charged his house and lands at Greenhill in the parish 
of Heme, with the payment of ;/^3 a year toioards the maintenance 
and relief of the poor for ever of the Parish of Herne.''^ 

Of this bequest the Charity Commissioners report as follows: — 
" It is stated on the Table of Benefactions that there was payable 
;^3 yearly from the lands of Mr. Thomas Holbourn, at Green 
Hill, in Hampton Borough, bequeathed by Mr. George Howlet, 
9th April, 1624. 

" Search has been made for the Will of George Howlet without 
success, but a farm called Greenhill, in Hamptoti Borough, was 
purchased in 1835 of Henry IVorrjll, by William Wlggens, of 
Bridge Street, Blackfriars, on luhich occasion it was discovered that 
the premises were siibject to this rent-charge, and compensation was 
made to Mr. Wiggens by a deduction from the purchase money. 

" It does not appear from the Parish accounts up to what 
period the rent charge was paid, or, how, when received, it was 
disposed of. Mr. Wiggens has agreed to pay the amount for two 
years, viz., 1835, when he purchased the land, and 1836." — 
Report, 26th Nov., 1836. 



66 MEMORIALS OF HERNE, KENT. 

Chrisi'oi'HER Milles, 1638' 

Christopher Milles of Heme Esq. by his Will (Consistorial 
Court of Canterbury, 1638) directed his "body to be buried 
under a tombstone in the Parsonage Chancel of Heme* between 
the corpses of his late Wife and his Son Edward, with the less 
solemnity that the more may be bestowed on my Children the Poor. 

" I will and bequeath to my children of Heme ^3, of Reculver 
^4, of Hoath ;i{^2, of Westbere ^i a year, in all ;^io," to be 
paid the last day of August every year, from year to year, after 
my decease which was the day of my birth, — to continue as 
long as it shall please his Grace and successors to continue the 
lease of the parsonage of Reculver, Hoath, Heme, to any of 
my surname that one after another shall succeed me in the 
said parsonage and tytheries, and I pray the Vicars and minis- 
ters of Reculver, Hoath and Heme and parsonage of Westbere 
for the time being and the chief of every parish it concerns, 
to be petitioners, as cause shall require to his Grace and suc- 
cessors for the poor, in that behalf, as under the well doing of 
their own children they shall leave here behind them, and 
would not the guilt of cojiscience they else shall hence carry with 
them for iieglecting to gain the charity of the dead towards the 
living poor so adopted my childrefi.^' 

Thomas Knowler, 1658. 

" Thomas Knowler, by his Will, 1658, gave land for the use of the 
poor which is vested in Trustees the survivor unknown, and is of the 
annual produce of;^i i os. 5d., likewise other land vested in like man- 
ner for the clothing of the poor the Annual produce of which is ^5." 

If those who are interested (and every right-minded parishioner 
ought to be interested) will carefully peruse the above extracts 
from Old Wills, the Benefaction Tables (certified copies of the 
old, taken and placed by the present vicar in the South Chantry 
Chapel) and also the Reports of the Charity Commissioners, 1836 
— 1873, they will find that these charities have been shamefully 
neglected, disputed, and in the case of some, even lost. That 
they remain even in their present unsatisfactory condition, is, in 
no small degree, owing to the energy and perseverance of Mr. J. 
Knowler Pembrook, a former churchwarden. 

* Commonly called the Milles Chapel, originally the " Lady Chapel " and 
"Chapel of St. John the Baptist." 



OLD WILLS. 07 

And here I conclude with the translation of a Deed of Gift, 
which proves the existence of a much older church than, that now 
existing. 

I am conscious that as a history the work is incomplete ; the 
registers, churchwardens' accounts, &c., being representative only, 
suited to the general reader. 

If. however, it meets with success, it will, perhaps, be followed 
by another, giving translations of deeds and documents of great 
antiquity and interest, and an Account of some Htriie Worthies. 

Endorsed Josep xijd. 
" Know all men present and to come that I Edmund son of 
Robert atter Halle of Heme have given and granted and by this 
my pre'sent charter have confirmed twelve pence sterling of my 
free and annual rent in pure and perpetual alms and for the 
maintenance of the light before the altar of St. Mary in the chancel 
of Heme which rent John surnamed Malyne has been used to pay, 
namely at Easter, from three rods or virgates of land with its 
appurtenances lying at Joseppeflode between the lands of the heirs 
of Robert atte Halle on the East and the land of Nicholas the 
Clerk on the West, heading towards the South to the high way, 
and towards the North to the land of the heirs of Stephen Under- 
down : To have and to Hold (for the healing of the souls of my- 
self of my parents of my kinsfolk and of all my benefactors) for 
the maintenance of the aforesaid light, freely entirely and peacably 
by hereditary right for ever. And I the aforesaid Edmund and 
my heirs will in all things warrant and acquit in all things and will 
defend the aforesaid rent with its appurtenances against the chief 
lords of the fee and against all men in the matter of all suits and 
services due therefrom and accustomed to be paid year by year. 
In witness and confirmation of which thing to this writing, lawfully 
drawn up in the month of April in the 25th year of King Edward 
of England (a.d. 1352), my seal is appended. These men being 
witnesses Richard of the Haghe Robert and John his sons Hamo 
of Mekymbroke^' Nicholas the Clerk John Thomas Henry and 
Robert of Strode Philip of Northwode Jacob Laurent John atte 
Weylete Thomas of Chylindenne Geoffrey of Chelde and others." 

* See p. II. 




Pi," ' ' *i'" <aa 



INDEX 



Aisles of Heme Church ...23-24, 27 
All Saints,Thanet,Reculver Mother 

church of 3 

'Allyn, Mother, died 100 years old. 53 
Altar of St. Mary, Lights before 

the 67 

Altaragium, Meaning of 57 

Andre ivs, John, trustee of Sir 

Matthew Philip's will 61 

Apuldrefield, Sir William 42 

Archer. Henry, Vicar of Heme ... 50 

Archery at Heme 14 

Arnold, Ould, buried 52 

Arnold, Thomas 63 

Arundel, Abp., Arms on font ... 23 
Atter Halle, Edmund, Deed of 

Gift 67 

At-Sea family and Stroud and 

Underdown 10 

Atte-Brooke, Richard, Grant of 

land by 1 1- 12 

Atte-Sea, John 10 

Brass of 42-43 

Atte Weylete 67 

Atte-Sea, William 10 

Atte-Seas Court 10 

Attyoe, Widow 53 

Austen, Clement, killed by light- 



ning 



53 



Badgers, Payments for 55 

Ball, Robert, killed by thunder ... 53 
Baptistery of Heme Church... 21-23 
Basket ville. Miss Mary, gives Co- 
rona to Church 30 

Bas>e, a priest, Land given to ... 2 
Basset, Henry. Vicar of Heme ... 46 
Bate, James, (j rant of land by ... 10 
Bayli, Walter, Grant of land by... 12 
Beacon fixed in the parish of Heme 14 
Bedale, John, Vicar of Heme ... 46 
Bede, Venerable, refers to Re- 
culver I 

Belsey family. Mural tablet in 

memory of 27 

Belting Green 13 

Beltinge 12 

Benstede, Andrew, Vicar of Heme 47 

Berhtwald, Abbot of Reculver ... 2 

Birch, W. de Gray 38 



Birch, W. de Gray, on the barrows 

at Beltinge 12 

Blean Union 14 

Bonaventure, Richard, Aicar of 

Heme 46 

Boys, John 35 

Boys, Thomas 43 

Boys, William, on the meaning of 

Chrysomer 52 

Brandon on the tower of Heme 

Church 18 

Brasses in Heme Church ■■.33, 35-44 
Brasses stolen from Reculver 

Church 5 

Brent, Roger, trustee of Sir Mat- 
thew Philip's will 61 

Brett, Parish Clerk, on destruction 

of Reculver Church 5 

Broke, Thomas, Vicar of Heme... 49 
Brown, Wm., votes against de- 
struction of Reculver Church ... 5 
Brydges, Thomas, Vicar of Heme 49 
Buchanan, James Robert, Vicar of 

Heme 50 

Buckland, Frank, finds signboard 

of " The Hoy & Anchor" ... 5 
Burke, William, Chantry priest ... 51 
Bushell, dog whipper, Payments 

to 54 

Bysmare, William, Brass of 43 

Bysmer, Thomas, Will of 60 

Canterbury, Ford House' oldest 

Manor of the See of 12 

— Makenbrooke Manor 

held by the See of n 

Canterbury Cathedral, Roman 

columns from Reculver at 7 

Capes, George, on the Brasses in 

Heme Church 35i 38, 43 

Caton, John, Vicar of Heme ... 46 

Chantry priest 51 

Chancel in Heme Church ... 29-31 
Chancel screen in Heme Church.. 27 
Chantry chapels in Heme Church. 

27-29. 33-35 

Chantry priests 50-51 

Chapman, Alexander, Vicar of 

Heme 50 

Chert, John, Vicar of Heme ... 46 



70 



INDEX. 



Christ Church, Canterbury, Grant 

of Keculver Church to 2-3 

Chrysoiiier, Meaning of 52 

Church, John, Will of 63-64 

Church, Valenlyne, buried 52 

Churche, James a, gifts to Ilarble- 

down Hospital by 10 

Churche, John a, gift to the Prior 

of Harbledown by 12 

Churche family and the borough 

of Stroud 10 

Churchwardens' accounts, Extracts 

from 54-56 

Clayton & Bell, Window made by 24 

Cock -fighting at Heme 15 

Coffin shaped Stone in Heme 

Church porch 62 

Colepepper, Sir Cheney 35 

Colfe, Isaac, Vicar of Heme ... 50 
Colfe, Jacob, Vicar of Heme ... 50 
Colfe, Richard, Vicar of Heme ... 50 
CoUard, Edward Reynolds, Win- 
dow in memory of 27 

CoUard family, Mural tablet in 

memory of 27 

Colman John, executor of Sir 

John Fyneux's will 62 

Conyers family, Vault of 27 

Cranmer, Abp., at Ford 13 

Crek, Nich, Chantry prie.st ... 51 
Crump, Stephen, Parish clerk, 

drowned 53 

Curteys, Agnes 17 

Curteyse, Thomas, Chantry priest 51 

Dadsman, Jaurice, Payment to ... 55 

Darley, John, Vicar of Heme .. 46 

Brass of 37-39 

Deane, Rev. Samuel, on the mean- 

of Chrysomer 52 

Denne, Tom, votes for destruction 

of Reculver Church 5 

Bering, Daniel ... 15 

Dering family and Ridgway Manor 1 1 
Digge, James, executor of Sir 

John Fyneux's will 62 

Diggs.James 42 

Disborough, Samuel 35 

Dodd, John 52 

Dog whipping. Payments for 54*55 
Dowker's "Reculver Church" 

quoted 5 

Duncombe, John, Vicar of Heme 50 
mistakes in his 

" History of Herne " 38 

Dunstan, Abbot of Glastonbury, 

Grant prepared by 3 

Earp, Mr., sculptor forMrs. Smith's 

gift 31 

ICast window in Herne Church ... 31 



Ecclesiastical Commissioners restore 

roof in Herne Church 30 

Eddington 10 

Rectory House 12 

Edred, King, Grant of Reculver 

Church by 2 

Egbert, King, Grant of land at 

Reculver by 2 

Epitaph, Curious ... 29 

Ethelbert, King, buried in Recul- 
ver Church 3-4 

gift of Ford House 

Manor by 13 

Ewell, John, buried 53 

Fagg family, Vault of 27 

Fair at Herne 9 

Fairman family. Monuments of 28 
Fameham, Nicholas de. Vicar of 

Herne 46 

Fees, Church 58-59 

Ffowler, Richard, buried 53 

Ffrench, John, Killed by a gun 

accident 53 

Fig-tree at Reculver i 

Fineux, see Fyneux 

Fishpond at Ford 14 

Fix, Tom, votes for destruction of 

Reculver Church 5 

Foche Elizabeth, baptised 53 

P'oche, William, Vicar of Herne 50 
Stone in memory 

of , 35 

Font of Heme Church 23 

Ford House 12-14 

Forstall 13 

Foxes, Payments for 54-55 

Frowyk, Thomas, trustee of Sir 

Matthew Philip's will 61 

Fyneux, Christopher, Bequest to 63 
Fyneux, Elizabelh, Lady 49 

Brass of .. ... ... 41-42 

Overseer of Somersal's will 60 

Executrix of Sir John 

Fyneux's will 62 

Will of 62-63 

Fyneux, John, Brass of ... 43-44 

Fyneux, Sir John 42 

bought and rebuilt Hawe 

Manor house 9 

Probable tomb of ... 32-33 

Will of 61-62 

Fyneux, William, executor of 

Somersal's will 60 

Bequests to 61-62 

Will of 63 

(jascoyne, Robert, Vicar of Herne 50 
"Gentleman's Magazine " on des- 
truction of Reculver Church ... 4-5 
Gillow, Richard 35 



INDEX. 



71 



Godynestre, Hugh dc, Vicar of 

Heme 

Goldie and Child, architects for 

Mrs Smith's gift 

Goldsmiths' brasses 39 

Goldsmiths' Company, Bequests 

of Sir Matthew Philip to 

Gosse, William, ^'icar of Heme 
Graunt. William, ^'icar of Heme 
Gray, Florence, Mural slab in 

memory of 

Green, Rev. Francis, on Reculver 

Church 

Greenshield, Henry 

Greenshield family and Lottinge 

Manor 

Grey, Henry, Inscriptions trans 

iated by 3 

Gryflfythe, Richard ap. Chantry 

priest 



46 

31 
41 

61 

46 
46 



II 



II 



.8,44 



51 

Haghe, Richard of the, Robert 

and John 67 

Hagioscope in Heme Church .. 32 
Hales, James, executor of Lady 

Fyneux's will 63 

Hales, John (Baron), executor of 
Sir J. and Lady Fyneux's wills 62, 63 

Hales, Sir Thomas 35 

Hall, Henry, Vicar of Heme ... 50 
Halle, Lady Elizabeth, and Hawe 

Manor 9 

Halle, Matthew, sells Hawe 

Manor-house 9 

Halle, Sir Peter 9, 33 

Brassof ... 35-17 

Halle arms on font 23 

Hamo de Makenbroke pays hom- 
age Abp. Peckham II 

Hampton 9 

Harbledown Hospital, Grant to... 10 
Harward, Thomas, Vicar of Heme 50 
Hasted on the derivation of Heme 8 
Hawe, John, \'icar of Heriie ... 46 
Hawe Manor-house 9-10, 61. 62, 63 
Hawlet (or Howlet), George, Will 

of 65 

Heales, Major 38 

Hedgehogs, Payments for ... 54, 55 
Henry IV., Aims on font of ... 23 

Henry VIII. at Ford 13 

Heme, derivation and different 

spellings of Parish of 8 15 

Heme, Reculver Mother Church of i, 3 

Inhabitants threatened with 

excommunication 4 

Heme Church 17-44 

Earliest record of... 2 

Hillborough Ctiurch 4 

Hoath, Reculver Mother church of 3 



Hog roasted and given away at 

Heme 15 

Holljourn, Thomas 65 

Howlet (or Hawlet), George, Will 

of 65 

Hoy Tavern, Reculver 5 

Hubl^ert, Henry, executor of Lady 

Fyneux's will 6^ 

Human remains at Reculver ... 6 

Hunt, Michael, baptized 53 

Hunte, Rev. John, on the tithes... 57 

Hunter's Borstal 13 

Hussey, William, trustee of Sir 

Matthew Philip's will 61 

Ireland on the derivation of Heme 8 
Islip, Abp., obtains grant of a mar- 
ket and fair at Heme 9 

Jacomb, Charles, promotes Heme 

National Schools 15 

Jarvys, John, twin children of ... 52 
Jesus Christ, Arms on font ascribed 

to 2^ 



Kac, William, Vicar of Heme ... 
Ketelby, Francis, Vicar of Heme 

King, John, Payments to 

Knowler, Gilbert 

. Monument of 

Knowler, John 



Monument of 



Knowler, Robert 



Monument of 



46 

50 

•■ 54 

.. 10 

28-29 

13 
.. 28 
10, 64 
.. 28 

II 



Knowler, Stephen, Arms of 
Knowler, Thomas, baptized at 

Ford 13 

Monument of 28 

Will of 66 

Knowler Chapel in Heme Church 27-29 
Knowler family and Stroud and 

Underdown Manors 10 

• Monuments of 28-29 

Vault of 27 

Kyngg, John, Chantry priest ... 51 

Lady Chapel in Heme Church 33, 66 

Laud, Abp., to proceed in cause 
between Reculver and Heme ... 4 

Lawson, Wyllyam, child of, chris- 
tened 52 

Leaf, Rosalind Aglaia, Window in 
memory of 24 

Lee, Isaiah 53 

Leland's description of Reculver i 

Lewis, T. C, builds organ in 
Heme Church 

Lottinge Manor 

Loughman, Helen Grace, Mural 
slab in memory of 23 

Loverick, Anthony, Brass of ... 43 



29 



INDEX. 



Loveiyk arms on font 23 

Lydd, riayers from Heme visit .. 15 

Mackenbrooke Manor 11 

• ■ — Hamo of ... 11-67 

Margate Pier, Stones from Recu'- 

verused for 5 

Market at Heme 9 

Marlborough, Sarah, Duchess of 32 
Martyn, Robert, trustee of Sir 

Matthew Philip's will 61 

Mason the butcher 53 

Mather, Richard. Payments to ... 55 
May, James Six, Vicar of Heme ... 50 
May family, Mural tablet in 

memory of 27 

iMaycott, John, Sepulchre of ... 60 
Medel)Oume, Richard, Vicar of 

Heme 46 

Michell and Thynne renovate 

organ in Heme Church ... 
Milles, Christopher, Will of 
Milles, Samuel, Benefactions of 
■ Monument of 



29 
66 

35 
29 

Milles Chapel in Heme Church 33-35, 

66 



Milles family and Rectory Plouse 

Monuments of 

Moat at Hawe 

Monins, Catherine 11, 

Monins, Edward 

Will of 



Monins, Richard 

Monins, Sir Simon de ... 
Monins family, Vault of 
Arms of 



II, 



on font 



Morton, Abp. , on Ford 

Morton, Sir John, executor of Sir 
John Fyneux's will 

Moultrie, John Fergusson, grave- 
stone of 

Moultrie, Rev. John, Lines by ... 

Mychill, Will, Chantry priest 

• Bequest to 



12 
35 
9 
63 
II 

63 
63 
II 

27 
II 
23 
13 

62 

44 
44 
51 
60 



National Schools built at Heme ... 15 

Nave of Heme Church 24—27 

Naylor, Rev. C, destroys Recul- 

ver Church 5 

sells the Towers 



to Trinity House 
Newe, Thomas, Chantry founded 

^ /-^y 33, 50 

Newton, Wdliam, Window in 

memory of 27 

Nicholas de Underdowne, Grant 

of land to 10 

Nicholas the Clerk 67 

Nicholson, Robert, buried 52 



North aisle of Heme Church 23-23 
North Chantry Chapel in Heme 

Church 33-35 

Northwode, Philip of 67 

Nottynghit Joane, buried 52 

Old wills 60-66 

Organ in Heme Church 29 

Oxenden, Sir George, rebuilds 

Underdown Manor-house 10 

Oxenden, William, executor of 

Somersal's will 60 

Oxenden family and Underdown 

Manor 10 



Palmer family. Mural slab 

memory of 

Parish registers 52- 

Parker, Abp., on Ford . 
Passion plays at Heme.. 
Passion .symbols on font 

Pastimes at Heme. 14- 

Paston, Sir John, Arms of 

Peckham, Abp., receives homage 

from Hamo de Makenbroke . . . 
Pegg, Eliza, Organ renovated in 

memory of 

W^indow in memory of 

Pegg, Mrs., Organ renovated at 

expense of 

Pelham arms on font 

Pembrook, J. Knowler, and the 

charities 

Pembrook family. Monuments of.. 
Pensions paid to Reculver Church 
Perryn, Francis, baptized at Ford . 

Perryn, Sir Thomas 

Philip, Christina, Brass of .. 

Philip, Sir Matthew 

owned Hawe and 



29 
24 



66 
28 



derdown Manors 
Will of .. 



39- 
33. 40' 
Un- 

6, 



Philip, William 

Will of 

Philpot on the derivation of Heme 

description of Stroud 

Manor 

Piscina in Heme Church ... 27, 

Polecats, Payments for 

Porch of Heme Church 

— '■ Coffin-shaped stone in... 

Price, Rev. Joseph, Vicar of Heme 
and Blean Union 

Quekes, John, Lottinge manor sold 
to 

Raculfcestre, ancient name of 

Reculver 

Ramsey, John, Vicar of Heme ... 



40 
41 

61 
61 

33 

60 

8 



54 
21 
62 
50 
14 



I 

50 



INDEX. 



73 



Reader, John, Vicar of Ilerne ... 50 

Kectory House, Kddins^ton 12 

Reculver 1-7 

Annual payment of 

Churchwardens of Heme to 54, 55 

form of receipt 66 

Reculver Vicarage converted into a 

Tavern 5 

Registers of the parish of Heme 52-54 
Reynolds, Thomas, and Blean 

Union 14 

Richards, William, promotes 

Heme National Schools 15 

Ridgway Manor lij 63 

Ridley, Bishop Nicholas. Vicar of 



Heme ... 



Fyneux to 



Account of 
Bequest of 



Farew^ell to Heme 

Statue of 

visits Cranmer 



47 

•• 47-49 
Lady 

92 

49 
27 



at 



Ford 13 

Ringers, Payments to 54, 55 

Robertson, Canon Scott, on 

Passion Plays 15 

on 

screen in Heme Church 24 

Robyn, John, Chantry priest ... 51 

Roger.s, William, Vicar of Heme 50 

buried in aisle 24 

Roman Camp at Reculver i 

Romney, Players from Heme visit 15 

Roper, John 42 

trustee of Sir 

Matthew Philip's will 61 

Rose and Man of War, Heme ... 15 

Rothop, William, Payment to ... 55 

Rouhall, Henry, Vicar of Heme... 46 

Rowe, Widow 53 



St. Ethel burga's spring 

St. John the Baptist's Chapel 

St. "Martin, Account of 

St. Nicholas, Thanet, Reculver 

Mother Church of 

St. Vedast's Church, London 

Saunders, Robert .. 

Sawyer, Stephen 

Saxton arms on font 

.Sayer, Steph., votes against de- 
struction of Reculver Church ... 5 

Screen in Heme Church 24 

.Sea, Edward 10 

Sea, John 10 

Brass of 42-43 

Sea family and Stroud and Under- 
down Manors 10 

Seas Court 10 

Sedilia in Heme Church ... 29, 31 



... 14 
33,66 

45 



61 

35 
52 



Sedley, Sir John 

Sedley, Sir Willi.im, Will of 64- 
See, Anthony, held Makcnbrooke 

Manor 

Selby, John, Bequest to 

Severus, Emperor, and Camp at 

Reculver 

Seynclere, Sir John 

Sheppard, Dr., discovers Roman 

columns at Reculver 

.Simpson's " Series of ancient 

fonts" II, 

.Skinner, Henry 

Slaves, Money given to 

Small pox. Payment for a traveller 

suftering from 

.Smith, C. Roach, on destruction 

of Reculver Church 

Smith, Mrs. Frances Elizabeth, 

gifts to Heme Church ... 30 
Smith, John, dog whipper. Pay- 
ment to 

Smith, Sir John 

Smugglers' money 

Somersal. Robert, Will of 

Sondes, Lord 

promotes Heme 

National Schools 

removes the Milles 



monument 

South Aisle of Heme Church 
Souih Chantry Chapel in Heme 

Church 27 

.Sparrows, Payments for ... 54- 

Sports at Ilerne 14- 

Squire, William, Vicar of Heme 

Stac}', Robert, a musician 

Staines, W., votes for destruction 

of Reculver Church 

Stanley, Dean A. P., on epitaph 

at Heme 

on Becket 

Stephens, Elizabeth, .Stone in 

memory of 

Stevens, Mrs., Payment to ... 

Stroud Manor and house 

John, Tnomas, Heniy and 

Robert of 

.Suthreye, Henry de. Grants of 

land to II- 

Sutton, Roger, Vicar of Heme ... 

Table tomb in Heme Church 32 
Tailor, Willyam, a musician's boy, 

buried 

Tanner, Thomas, payment to 
Tapton, John, trustee of .Sir Mat- 
thew Philip's will 

Terry, Richard, Will of 

Terrye, Thomas, Will of 



74 



INDEX. 



Teynham, Lord 

Thornden 

Thornhurst, Sir William, 

merit of 

Pedigree of 



Tithes 

Tower of Heme Church 

Trinity House, Reculver 

towers preserved by 

Turkey slaves, Money given to ... 

Twms baptized 

Twyman, William 

Tyndell, Richard, Bequest of Lady 

Fyneux to 



42 

1 1 12 

Monu- 

•■ 31-32 

32 

- 57-5S 
18-21 

Church 

6 

55 
52 
53 

62 



Underdown Manor 
Stephen 



10, II, 61 

67 



Vicars of Heme 46-50 

Vineyard at P'ord ... 14 

Vitalis de Canterbury holds Maken- 
brooke Manor H 



Wailes. Mr., artist in glassforMrs. 

Smith's gift 

Waleys, Sir William 

owned Hawe 

Manor-house 



31 

37 



Warinyngton, Christopher, Vicar 

of tieriio 

Warren, John, Vicar of Heme ... 
Will of 



46 

47 
62 

50 
64 



Webb, John, \'icar of Heme 

Welby, John 

White, William, restores chancel 

of Heme Church 29 

Whitgift, Abp., at Ford ... 13-14 

Wiggens, William 65 

Wild's "Iter Boreale," Epitaphs 

in 29 

Wills 60-66 

Windows in Heme Church 23-24,27,31 



Wood, John, Vicar of Heme 

buried in aisle 

■ Window in memory 

of 

Wood, Randall, Imried 
Wood, William, Window 

memory of 

Worrall, Henry 

Wyreham, Richard, Chantry priest 



50 

24 

31 

53 

31 
65 
5' 



Young, Francis, payment to ... 55 

Younge, John, Will of 60 

Younge, Old Sir John, trustee of 

Sir Matthew Philip's will 61 




SUBSCRIBERS TO THIS WORK. 



Archbishop of Canterbury, His Grace the, Lambeth I'alace. 

Adams, W. J., Victoria Terrace, Heme Bay. 

Ashenden, Thomas, Canterbury. 

Ayre, Edward, Blean Union, Canterbury. 

Banks, John Lindridge, Chatham House, Heme Bay. 

Barnes, Edwin, 109, Belsize Road, London, N.W. 

Barnwell, John, 53, William Street, Heme Bay. 

Barrow, James, 7, Beach Lawn, Waterloo, Liverpool. 

Bell, Capt. R.N., Hereford House, Heme Bay. 

Beynon, Rev. F. W., Chislet, Canterbury. 

Biggleston, W., William Street, Heme Bay. 

Boosey, Mrs. John, Mount Avenue, Ealing, London. 

Bowes, Dr. J,, Marine Terrace, Heme Bay. 

Braboume, The Lord, 3, Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster, London, W, 

Browne, Rev. A. T., Beltinge, Heme Bay. 

Carr, Major Robert, i, West Pier, Wapping, London, E. (two copies). 

Clarke, William, The Rookery, Roehampton. 

Collard, Charles, jun.. Anchor Brewery, Park Street, Southwark, S.E. 

Collard, Edward Denne, I, St. George's Terrace, Heme Bay. 

Cope, Mrs., Mount Ararat, Richmond. 

Cotes, Major C, R.A., St. John's House, Heme Bay. 

Crossley, Lady, Somerleyton, Lowestoft. 

Davis, Miss, The Porch, Northampton Paik, Canonbury, N. 

Dc Lasaux, Robt. Aug., Belmore Hall, Heme Bay. 

Devaynes, Miss, 3, West Cliff Mansions, Ramsgate (two copies). 

Dobson, C. M., The Vicarage, Heme (two copies). 

Dover, The Right Hon. the Bishop of. The Precincts, Canterbury. 

Douglas, A. Akers, M.P., Chilston Park, near Maidstone. 

Ellam, Rev. John, Vicarage, Heme Bay. 

Fairbrass, F. W. , Telford House, Heme Bay. 

Finlason, Thomas, 4, James' Grove, Peckham, S.E. 

Finlason, Mrs. Mount Ararat, Richmond. 

Finch, Rev. C. J., Vicarage, De Beauvoir Town, N. 

Gertrude, Sister, The Limes, Heme. 

Glasgow, The Right Hon. the Earl of, li, Hereford Gardens, W. 

Grey, Henry, Ridley House, Heme. 

Guildhall, Library of the Corporation of the City of Lonilon. 

Hall, John R., 13, Burgate Street, Canterbury. 

Harris, The Lord, Huntingfields, Faversham. 



76 SUB.SCKJnEK^. 

Ilaslewoud, Kcv. F. G., LL.D,, Chislet Vicarage, Canterbury (two copies). 

Heme Bay Press, Editor of, St. Helier's, Heme Bay. 

Hilton, Mrs., Hunter's Forslall, Heme Bay. 

Hogbin, John, Victoria House, Heme Bay. 

Hooper, C. Adams, Crancmoor, Heme. 

Hovenden, Robert, Heathcote Park, Hill Road, Croydon. 

Howis, Rev. C. W., Pleshcy Rectory, Essex. 

Jacomb, Charles, Springfield, Upper Clapton. 

Jeffreys, Rev. H. A., Hawkhurst, Kent. 

Judd, James, J. P., East Knoll, Upper Norwood (two copies). 

Keen, J. W., William Street, Heme Bay (two copies). 

Lambert, Major George, F.S.A., lo, ii, 12, Coventry Street, Piccadilly (two 

copies). 
Laroche, Thomas, Bolton House, Fopstone Road, Kensington, S.W. 
Latham, Albert, Margate. 

Layton, C. Miller, Shortlands, Castle Hill Avenue, Folkestone. 
Leaf, Mrs., Fir wood, Heme. 
Lefeber, Alexander, New Southgate. 
Lindsey, John B., Eversfield^ Tunbridge Wells. 
Longbotham, William, 9, William Street, Heme Bay. 
Lumley, L. C, 139, Westboume Terrace, W. 
Mainwaring, Dr., 814, Old Kent Road, Peckham. 
Mason, Mrs., Albion House, Hammersmith. 
Martin, Alexander, 52, Lavender Grove, Dalston. 
Mercer, Wm. John, 12, Marine Terrace, Margate. 
Mobbs, S. Neal, Canterbury Road, Heme Bay. 
Mohun, Martin, William Street, Heme Bay. 
Moore, R., William Street, Heme Bay. 

NickoUs, G. A., Grosvenor House, Acol Road, West Hampstead. 
Owen, Edward, 35, The Gardens, East Dulwich. 
Palmer, Rev., Spring Grove, Hunsley, Leeds (two copies). 
Parker, Major, Westbere House, Canterbury. 
Pegg, Mrs., Satis House, Heme Bay. 
Philpot, A. W. G., Post Office, Heme Bay. 
Phillips, Mrs., The Burrs, Heme Bay. 
Postlethwaite, Theodore, Woodlands, Surbiton. 
Rayner, II. W., London House, Heme Bay. 
Rawlins, Dr., The Lodge, Heme Bay. 
Richards, Mrs., Springfield, Upper Clapton. 
Ridsdale, Rev. C. J., St. Peter's Vicarage, Folkestone. 
Roper, Miss, Lotis House, Heme Bay. 
Robinson, S. T., 73, Leadenhall Street, London, E.G. 
Royal Library, Windsor Casale, per T. Holmes. 
Rushworth, E. W., 22, Savile Row, London, W. (two copies). 
Russell, Miss E. Phillipps, 9, St. Leonard's Terrace, Chelsea College, S.W. 
Saftbrd, Mrs., Fern Lodge, Bedford Row, Clapham Rise. 
Scott, Henry, 16, King William Street, London, E.G. (two copies.) 



SUBSCRIBERS. 77 

Skeffington, Martin S., 163, Piccadilly, London, W. 

Smith, R. Payne, The Very Rev., Deanery, Canterbury. 

.Slocombe, Mrs., 12, St. George's Terrace, Heme Bay. 

.Sondes, The Right Ilonble. Earl, Lees Court, Faversham. 

.Smith, Rev. A. T., Nackington Vicarage, Canterbury. 

Smith, Samuel, Lloyds', London. 

Swain, Mrs., Charles Street, Heme Bay. 

Tassell, Bradbury, Hode Patrixbourne, Canterbury. 

Taylor, Jehu, Tower House, Heme Bay. 

Truscott, Aid. .Sir Francis, O.ikleigh, East Grinsted, Sussex (two copies). 

Tyhurst, Richard William, West View House, Heme Bay (two copies). 

Westcar, C. W. Prcscott, Strode Park, Heme. 

White, Edward, High Street, Heme Bay. 

White, James S., New Dolphin, Heme Bay. 

Wilkinson, Miss, Blewbury Didcot, Berks. 

Wood, Rev. John, Wolverton Vicarage, Stoney Stratford. 

Wood, William, New Southgate. 

Young, F. R., 8, William Street, Heme Bay. 




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